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  Home >> Public Toilets >> The Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines Tech Sheet Series

 
 


TOILET STALLS
ADAAG 4.17




The Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines Tech Sheet Series 

ADA Titles II and III 
Compliance Materials



copyright 1994
Barrier Free Environments, Inc. This Tech Sheet is part of a series of publications on the design
requirements of the ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG). This
issue provides scope and design information on the requirements for
toilet stalls. Although based on the ADAAG requirements, the
information provided on the following pages is advisory and should
he considered as supplemental to the ADAAG. The ADAAG must be
consulted when designing new or modifying existing toilet stalls.



CONTENTS

page 5 Introduction

page 6 Toilet Stall Specifications

page 7 Accessible Toilet Stalls

page 9 Standard Accessible Toilet Stall

page 17 Alternate Stalls: for Use in Alterations Projects
Only 

page 23 Where Six or More Stalls are Provided

page 29 Summary Chart of Accessible Toilet Stalls

page 30 Unisex Toilet Rooms

page 34 ADAAG Reference Index


Barrier Free Environments, Inc. is authorized by the National
Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research NIDRR) to
develop information and materials on the Americans with
Disabilities Act (ADA). However, you should be aware that NIDRR is
not responsible for enforcement of the ADA. The information,
presented here is intended solely as informal guidance, and is
neither a determination of your legal rights or responsibilities
under the Act, nor binding on any agency with enforcement
responsibility under the ADA.

To obtain additional copies of this Tech Sheet, contact your
Disability and Business Technical Assistance Center. To be
automatically connected to your regional center, call 1-800-949-
4ADA. Portions of this Tech Sheet may be copied as many times as
desired by the Disability and Business Technical Assistance Centers
for distribution to small businesses but may not be reproduced in
whole or in part or sold by any other entity without written
permission of the authors.

SIDEBAR NOTE: Sidebars contain quotations from ADAAG and from
other federal documents.
TN: Sidebars will be found throughout this document and will
be indented and noted as is this sidebar.

SIDEBAR NOTE: The Americans with Disabilities Act
Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) was published as the
Standards for Accessible Design in Appendix A in the
Department of Justice's Final Rule, 28 CFR Part 36 /
Nondiscrimination by Public Accommodations and in Commercial
Facilities. Copies of the Final Rule may be obtained by
calling the Department of Justice at 1-800-514- 0301 or the
Access Board at 1-800-USA-ABLE (1-800-872-2253).


Introduction

Access to public toilets allows people with disabilities to
take part in everyday activities such as working, dining out,
shopping, or attending theater productions and prevents them from
being dependent solely on such facilities in their homes. Toilet
stalls that are designed to accommodate people with disabilities
must be equipped to permit a person using a wheelchair or scooter
to use the stall. These stalls generally accommodate all users.
In some toilet rooms other stalls may need to be configured to
serve people who walk with crutches, canes, or walkers by providing
a narrow stall equipped with parallel grab bars. The ADA
Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) contain specifications for toilet
stalls that include provisions for "standard accessible toilet
stalls" for use by people in wheelchairs and "alternate toilet
stalls" to be installed in special circumstances which will be
described on the following pages.

TN: Two illustrations are placed here. One, captioned Use of
Standard Accessible Stall, depicts a wide wheelchair accessible
stall with grab bars mounted on the right wall (when looking out of
stall) and rear wall behind the toilet. The other illustration,
captioned Use of Alternate Accessible Stall, depicts a standard
narrow stall with grab bars mounted on both right and left walls.


Toilet Stall Specifications

The specifications for toilet stalls appear in several
sections of the ADAAG. The information presented in this Tech Sheet
is based upon all relevant sections of ADAAG. Every effort has been
made to include all the ADAAG requirements in each of the drawings.
All relevant ADAAG specifications must be reviewed: 1) Minimum
Requirements Section (ADAAG 4.1) explains how many or the number of
accessible stalls that are required and what configuration the
stall must take based on whether the facility under consideration
is new construction or an alteration, an addition, or an historic
building, 2) Toilet Rooms (ADAAG 4.22) and Bathrooms, Bathing
Facilities, and Shower Rooms (ADAAG 4.23) specifies the
requirements for the toilet room area, and 3) Toilet Stalls (ADAAG
4.17) gives the technical specifications for the toilet stall
itself ADAAG uses the technical name for toilet fixtures - water
closets. For clarity, the more common term, toilet will be used
throughout this Tech Sheet.

SIDEBAR NOTE: 
ADAAG 4.1.3 Accessible Buildings: New Construction.
(11) Toilet Facilities: If toilet rooms are provided, then
each public and common use toilet room shall comply with 4.22.

Accessible Toilet Stalls

Section 4.17 of the ADAAG specifies the configuration for a
wide standard stall (including a variation) and two alternate
stalls that are narrower. This standard stall provides the minimum
space for a person using a wheelchair or scooter to enter the
stall, maneuver their mobility aid next to the toilet, and safely
transfer onto the seat. This stall accommodates most people with
disabilities and is preferred by many other people including those
who need assistance to transfer, people with luggage, and parents
who need to help young children.
The narrower alternate stalls are not usable by many people
with mobility impairments who use wheelchairs. They are permitted
only for alterations when existing conditions or local codes
prohibit the installation of the standard stall.

TN: Four drawings are used to illustrate the different
specifications. For the Standard Stall, both drawings show the
minimum width of 60 inches. One drawing shows the stall with front
entrance door opening outward and the toilet set off center on the
back wall. The other drawing depicts the stall with a side entry
door opening inward, and the stall 60 inches minimum width,
measured at the end (behind toilet). Again the toilet is set off
center against the back wall. Both Standard Stall drawings show
grab bars installed on the wall behind the toilet and on the wall
closest to the toilet. The other two drawings illustrate Alternate
Stalls. Drawing 1 shows a stall 36 inches wide with grab bars
available on both sidewalls of the stall beside the toilet, with
the toilet centered on the back wall. Drawing 2 shows a minimum of
48 inches wide, toilet off center, with grab bars mounted on the
wall closest to the toilet on the side and on the wall behind the
toilet. Both Alternate Stalls indicate outward opening front stall
entry doors.

Standard Accessible Toilet Stall

All standard stalls must be at least 60 inches wide and at
least 56 to 59 inches long. Although usable by most people in
wheelchairs this stall is compact and minimal at best. It may be
made significantly more usable by slight increases in size.
When the standard stall is placed at the dead end of a row of
toilet stalls and the partition is extended across the room,
additional space is easily included in the stall without increasing
room size or adding to the cost. This larger size is preferred and
is more usable.
When toilet stalls are provided in either new construction or
in an addition (which is treated as new construction for purposes
of the ADAAG) at least one standard stall must be provided in each
public toilet room. When an existing toilet room containing stalls
is altered or renovated, it may be necessary to add a standard
stall unless it is technically infeasible to do so. See ADAAG 4.1.6
(1) (i), (j), ADAAG 4.1.6 (3) (e), for further explanation of
technically infeasible.
In standard accessible stalls the toilet must be positioned so
a clear unobstructed floor space is provided around the toilet to
allow a person using a wheelchair or scooter to maneuver into their
own best position to transfer onto the toilet. The required wide or
open space provided next to the toilet may be on either the right
or left provided the other elements of the stall are in correct
relationship to the toilet. It is recommended that, throughout a
building or facility, there be a mix of standard accessible stalls,
some with the open space beside the toilet oriented to the left and
some to the right, to accommodate users who can transfer only to
one side.

SIDEBAR NOTE:
ADAAG 4.22.4 Water Closets.
If toilet stalls are provided, then at least one shall be a
standard stall complying with 4.17.

ADAAG 4.1.6 Accessible Buildings: Alterations.
(1) (j) Technically Infeasible. Means, with respect to an
alteration of a building or a facility, that it has little
likelihood of being accomplished because existing structural
conditions would require removing or altering a load-bearing
member which is an essential part of the structural frame; or
because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit
modification or addition of elements, spaces, or features
which are in full and strict compliance with the minimum
requirements for new construction and which are necessary to
provide accessibility.

TN: The following is a description of a diagram of a Standard
Stall. Notation: stalls must be located on an accessible route
(see ADAAG 4.3). The following min/max requirements are pointed
out:
Door opening - 32 inch minimum
Door jam, hinged side - 4 inch wide maximum 
Width of stall at back wall - 60 inches
Grab bar behind toilet - 36 inch minimum length, no further
than 6 inches away from side wall closest to toilet
Grab bar beside toilet - to be mounted no further than 12
inches from the back wall, on the side wall closest to toilet;
52 inch minimum from back wall to front end of grab bar
Depth of stall - minimum 56 inches from inside of front
partition to back wall, with wall-mounted water closet;
minimum of 59 inches with floor-mounted water closet (note:
floor-mounted toilets (water closets) require more floor space
than wall-hung toilets)
Toilet - 18 inches from center of toilet to side wall

TN: The following is a description of a diagram of a Standard
Stall (at end of row). Notations: standard stalls are preferred
by parents of young children because stall contains enough space
for a stroller and allows parent to assist child; stall door can
swing into stall provided door swing does not overlap the required
clear floor space at the toilet. The min/max requirements as
stated in the illustration above remain. Note that a 36 inch
minimum is allowed for the inside door swing (entering through side
partition instead of front) in addition to the space requirements
above.

TN: Illustration: Standard Stall in Toilet Room. Drawing shows
the accessible stall at the end of a row of stalls. Accessible
stall is entered through the front of the stall. A 42 inch minimum
clearance is required between the closed door and the opposite wall
outside the stall, allowing ample room for the door swing. 
Notations: stalls should be positioned so their doors do not swing
into path of travel; stall door must be outswinging; 42 inch
minimum latch side approach only, other approaches require 48 inch
minimum.

TN: Illustration: Standard Stall in End of Row Installation. 
Drawing shows an accessible stall at the end of a row of stalls. 
Accessible stall in entered through the side partition of the
stall. A 36 inch minimum required for the inside swing door. 
Notations: installation of "end-of-row" stall places more usable
space within the stall; stall door must be inswinging if approach
is less than 54 inches; required minimum space for approach to
accessible stall is 36 inches, 6 inches less than at other standard
stall.


TN: The following is a transcription of a full page diagram of the
Accessible Features of Standard Stall (ADAAG 4.17). The figure
shows the 60 inch minimum width at the back of the stall, and the
56 inch depth with wall-mounted toilet or 59 inch minimum depth
with floor-mounted toilet. Also notes at least one roll toilet
paper dispenser, minimum of 19 inches from floor, and a maximum of
36 inches from the back wall to the center of the dispenser. Other
notations:

receptacles, toilet seat cover, and other dispensers must
comply with 4.22.7

objects within the stall must not protrude more than 4 inches
if their leading edges are between 27 inches and 80 inches
above finished floor (ADAAG 4.4)

recommended auxiliary handle for closing door (second handle
shown on door on the hinged side of the inside of the door)

stall door hardware must comply with ADAAG 4.13 (recommended:
loop handle and slide-type latch shown)

coat hook mounted 48 inches maximum above finished floor
(ADAAG 4.2) low-profile model recommended

stall door must comply with ADAAG 4.13 and (recommended)
should be self-closing

32 inch minimum clear width opening (ADAAG 4.13)

alternate coat hook location (shown to be on inside of side
wall farthest from toilet, dimensions not given)

toilet models with large toe clearance beneath bowl are
recommended

grab bars must comply with ADAAG 4.17.6 and 4.26

33 inches to 26 inches to centerline of grab bar from floor

front, and at least one side partition must have a toe
clearance of 9 inches above finished floor - if stall in 60
inches deep or more, then toe space is not required (4.17.4)

toilet paper dispenser must comply with ADAAG 4.16.6, models
that control delivery or do not permit continuous paper flow
must not be installed

it is recommended that deodorizers not be installed in toilet
stalls as the chemicals they emit may cause allergic reactions
or respiratory problems in some people

Toilet must comply with ADAAG 4.16 with seat mounted between
17 inches and 19 inches above finished floor. Recommendation: 
mounting the toilet so the seat is at the lower end of this
range is preferable for many people who use wheelchairs or
scooters, while the upper end of this range is preferable for
people with walking, mobility or balance impairments.

flush valve control must be mounted 44 inches maximum above
finished floor and point toward the open side of stall (ADAAG
4.16.5)

Alternate Stalls: for Use in Alterations Projects Only

Alternate stalls may be installed: 1. only during alterations
and only where it is technically infeasible to provide a standard
stall or 2. where plumbing codes require a specific number of
toilets and it is not possible to remove one fixture to use its
floor space to create a larger standard stall. Examples of
technically infeasible situations which permit the installation of
an alternate stall include when an essential load-bearing
structural member or column must be moved or when an elevator shaft
or exit stairway prevents the toilet room from being enlarged.
Even though both alternate toilet stalls comply with the ADAAG
requirements, many people using wheelchairs, scooters, or similar
mobility devices may only be able to use these stalls with
difficulty or not at all. The two alternate stalls are the same
length with one being exactly 36 inches wide and the other being a
minimum of 48 inches wide. In alterations projects, where a smaller
than standard stall must be installed, it is recommended that the
48 inch minimum width stall be selected before the narrower 36 inch
stall because it will accommodate a broader range of users.

SIDEBAR NOTE:
ADAAG 4.1.6 Accessible Buildings: Alterations.
(3) (e) Toilet Rooms. (ii) Where it is technically infeasible
to install a required standard stall (Fig. 30 (a)), or where
other codes prohibit reduction of the fixture count (i.e.,
removal of a water closet in order to create a double-wide
stall), either alternate stall (Fig. 30 (b)) may be provided
in lieu of the standard stall. (iii) When existing toilet or
bathing facilities are being altered and are not made
accessible, signage [ADAAG complying] ... shall be provided
indicating the location of the nearest accessible toilet ...
facility within the facility.

TN: Illustrations: Alternate Stall 1: 36 inch Wide; and
Alternate Stall 2: 48 inch Minimum Wide. Notations (for both
illustrations): door not allowed on side wall of alternate stalls
because of inadequate turning space for people using wheelchairs;
42 inch minimum latch approach only, other approaches 48 inch
minimum (see ADAAG); stalls should be located so stall door does
not swing into path of travel; 32 inch width door opening; grab
bars no further than 12 inches from back wall; front end of grab
bars no less than 54 inches from back wall; back wall to front of
stall (door) minimum of 66 inches with wall-mounted toilet, 69
inches minimum with floor-mounted toilet; stalls must be located on
an accessible route (see ADAAG 4.3).

Addition notations, Alternate Stall 1: 36 inch Wide: 36 inch
dimension (width at back wall) is absolute so parallel grab bars
are within reach while at toilet; 18 inches from center of toilet
to side wall.
Additional notations, Alternate Stall 2: 48 inch Minimum Wide: 48
inch minimum width at back wall; 18 inches from center of toilet to
side wall; grab bar on wall behind toilet minimum of 36 inches in
length, no closer than 6 inches from side wall closest to toilet.

TN: Illustrations: Accessible Features of Toilet Stalls (ADAAG
4.17) - Alternate Stall 1: 36 inch Wide. Notations: 36 inches
wide exactly; 66 inches or 69 inches deep depending on type of
toilet fixture; toilet centered in 36 inch width; stall door must
swing our and (recommended) should be self closing; parallel grab
bars mounted 33 inches to 36 inches above finished floor that
comply with ADAAG 4.17.6 and 4.26; toilet must comply with ADAAG
4.16 with seat mounted between 17 inches and 19 inches above
finished floor (Recommendation: In this stall the upper range is
preferred because it is best used by walking mobility impaired
people). Features noted below also apply to this stall.


TN: Illustration: Accessible Features of Toilet Stalls (ADAAG
4.17) - Alternate Stall 2: 48 inch minimum Wide. Notations:

toilet seat covers and other dispensers, and receptacles must
comply with 4.22.7

objects within the stall must not protrude more than 4 inches
if their leading edges are between 27 inches and 80 inches
above finished floor (ADAAG 4.4)

recommended auxiliary handle for closing door (second handle
shown on door on the hinged side of the inside of the door) stall door hardware must comply with ADAAG 4.13 (recommended:
loop handle and slide-type latch shown)

coat hook mounted 48 inches maximum above finished floor
(ADAAG 4.2) low-profile model recommended

stall door must comply with ADAAG 4.13 and (recommended)
should be self-closing

32 inch minimum clear width opening (ADAAG 4.13)

alternate coat hook location (shown to be on inside of side
wall farthest from toilet, dimensions not given)

toilet models with large toe clearance beneath bowl are
recommended

grab bars must comply with ADAAG 4.17.6 and 4.26 33 inches to 36 inches above finished floor to centerline of
both grab bars

9 inches of toe clearance recommended

toilet paper dispenser must comply with ADAAG 4.16.6, models
that control delivery or do not permit continuous paper flow
must not be installed

flush valve control must be mounted 44 inches maximum above
finished floor and point toward the open side of stall


Where Six or More Stalls Are Provided

Where six or more toilet stalls are provided in a toilet room,
a second type of accessible stall must be installed in addition to
the standard stall. This stall is three feet wide with parallel
grab bars and is designed for use by people who have a mobility
impairment that limits balance and that may require the use of
crutches, canes, or walkers.
The specifications for the 36 inch wide walk-in stall are
given in the ADAAG Sections 4.22.4 Water Closets (Toilet Rooms) and
4.23.4 Water Closets (Bathrooms, Bathing Facilities and Shower
Rooms). This stall is similar to the 36 inch wide alternate stall
shown on pages 19-20 of this Tech Sheet. Unlike the alternate
stalls which must be from 66 to 69 inches in length (depending on
the type of toilet installed), this stall length is unspecified but
should be at least as long (and may be longer) as the conventional
stalls in the toilet room.
The 36 inch wide walk-in stall supplements the standard
accessible stall. It must be installed in situations when there are
six or more stalls and is installed in addition to the standard
stall. Its width, grab bar locations, and outswinging door are key
to its usefulness. Users can reach the parallel grab bars and rely
on them for support as they lower and raise themselves from the
toilet and while they are seated. The stall width must be exactly
36 inches wide to ensure that the grab bars are mounted at the
correct distance so users can support their body weight.

SIDEBAR NOTE:
ADAAG 4.22.4 Water Closets.
If toilet stalls are provided, then at least one shall be a
standard toilet stall complying with 4.17; where 6 or more
stalls are provided, in addition to the stall complying with
4.17.3, at least one stall 36 inch (915 mm) wide with an
outward swinging, self-closing door and parallel grab bars
complying with Fig. 30 (d) and 4.26 shall be provided. Water
closets in such stalls shall comply with 4.16. If water
closets are not in stalls, then at least one shall comply with
4.16.

BFE NOTE: 
Where six or more toilet stalls are provided: one must be a
standard accessible stall; one must be a 36 inch wide walk-in
stall; the remainder may be conventional stalls not designed
in accordance with ADAAG.

TN: Figures used to illustrated the 36 inch Wide (Walk-In) Stall,
and the Use of Parallel Grab Bars. Notations: door must swing out
and be self-closing; 36 inch width is absolute so parallel grab
bars are within reach; this dimension (depth of stall) is
unspecified - matching alternate stall lengths of 66 inches to 69
inches increases usability; grab bars to be 40 inches minimum,
mounted no closer than 12 inches from the back wall; stall must be
located on an accessible route (see ADAAG 4.3); stall should also
be located to prevent door from blocking the path of travel.

TN: Transcription of a full page illustration on Accessible
Features of a 36 inch Wide (Walk-In) Stall (ADAAG 4.22.4 & 4.23.4). 
Because of their size bulk continuous roll toilet paper dispensers,
if mounted above the grab bar, may restrict use of the bar and
prevent certain types of transfers. When this type of dispenser is
mounted below the bar, it places the outlet portion of the
dispenser too close to the floor to be usable. It is recommended
that these large dispensers not be installed in any "accessible
stalls", but especially not in the narrow 36 inch wide stall. In
stalls where smaller rolls are substituted the stalls must be
maintained so that sufficient toilet paper is available at all
times. Water closet must comply with ADAAG 4.16. Seat must be
mounted between 17 inches and 19 inches above finished floor. 
Recommendation: in this stall the upper range is preferred because
it is best used by walking mobility impaired people. Notations:

width of stall exactly 36 inches, but depth of stall
unspecified (increasing to 66 inches improves usability)

toilet paper dispenser mounted 19 inches minimum above
finished floor to centerline of dispenser, and 36 inches from
back wall to front edge of dispenser

recommended auxiliary handle for closing door (second handle
shown on door on the hinged side of the inside of the door)

recommended accessible hardware (ADAAG 4.13 loop handle and
slide-type latch shown)

recommended coat hook mounted 48 inches maximum above finished
floor 

stall door must swing out and be self-closing (ADAAG 4.22.4) recommended 32 inch minimum clear width opening (ADAAG 4.13)

parallel grab bars must comply with ADAAG Fig. 30 (d) Side
Walls and 4.26

water closet models with amply space for toe clearance beneath
front of bowl are recommended

flush valve control must be mounted 44 inches maximum above
finished floor

33 inches to 36 inches above finished floor to centerline of
grab bar

9 inches of toe clearance recommended

recommended toilet paper dispenser should comply with ADAAG
4.16.6, models that control delivery or do not permit
continuous paper flow should not be used

TN: Description of a diagram illustrating Toilet Room Plan Where
There Are Six or More Stalls. Illustration points out one minimum
sized standard accessible 60 inch wide stall, and one 36 inch wide
walk-in stall (both 56 inches minimum in depth, both with outward
opening doors). Remaining stalls are conventional non-ADAAG
complying stalls with inward opening doors. All toilet fixtures
used in this plan are wall-hung. Note: the standard stall and the
walk-in stall are more usable if they are deeper.

TN: The following is a transcription of a three level chart
entitled: Summary Chart of Accessible Toilet Stalls.

New Construction: At least one in every public and common use
toilet facility. Which Stall: Standard Stall (60 inches
minimum wide); Standard Stall End of Row (60 inches minimum
wide). Technical Requirements at ADAAG Section 4.17 Toilet
Stalls

Alterations Only: At least one in every public and common use
toilet being altered, ONLY if standard accessible stall is
"technically infeasible." Which Stall: Alternate Stall (36
inches wide); Alternate Stall (48 inches minimum wide). 
Technical Requirements at ADAAG Section 4.17 Toilet Stalls

New Construction and Alterations: When six or more stalls are
provided one of those stalls must meet these requirements. 
Which Stall: 36 inch Wide (Walk-In) Stall. Technical
Requirements at ADAAG Sections 4.22.4 Water Closets (Toilet
Rooms) or 4.23.4 Water Closets (Bathrooms, Bathing Facilities,
and Shower Rooms) whichever is applicable.

Unisex Toilet Rooms

When existing structural conditions prevent installation of a
standard toilet stall during alterations, it is acceptable to
provide a separate small toilet room with a water closet and
lavatory. Known as unisex toilet rooms or bathrooms they must
comply with ADAAG 4.1.6 (3) (e) (i), 4.22 or 4.23, 4.16 and 4.19.
Unisex toilet rooms, or accessible family toilet rooms as they are
also called, are permitted in new construction but must be
installed in addition to the required number of accessible stalls
in public toilet rooms. Unisex toilet rooms are crucial for people
with attendants or family members of the opposite sex who assist
with transfers and use of the facilities. In fact, ADAAG at
A4.22.3, states since unisex toilet rooms "have proven so useful,
it is often considered advantageous to install a unisex toilet room
in new facilities in addition to making the multi-stall restrooms
accessible, especially in shopping malls, large auditoriums, and
convention centers."

SIDEBAR NOTE:
ADAAG 4.22 Toilet Rooms.
Recommendations: 1. In new construction, accessible single-
user restrooms may be desirable in some situations because
they can accommodate a wide variety of building users. 
However, they cannot be used in lieu of making the multi-stall
toilet rooms accessible as required. TN: Description of diagram Small Unisex Toilet Room. Note: all
elements of the unisex toilet room must comply with ADAAG 4.22
toilet rooms (see previous illustrations). Diagram shows a 62 inch
room width to accommodate toilet and lavatory, but notes 36 inch
minimum width requirement for toilet area from wall to edge of sink
closest to toilet; 84 inch depth. Notations:


48 inch by 66 inch clear floor space at toilet must comply
with ADAAG 4.16.2

door must comply with ADAAG 4.13 (and not swing into clear
floor space at a fixture)

30 inch by 48 inch clear floor space for lavatory that
complies with ADAAG 4.19.3

wheelchair turning space must comply with ADAAG 4.2.3 and
4.22.3

mounting heights for grab bar, lavatory, and mirror may
overlap - tolerances are limited and, although possible to set
each element at an ADAAG complying position, care must be
taken when doing so

Note: this toilet room layout is considered a minimum,
fixture size influences the location of clear floor spaces and
may cause overall room dimensions to vary

TN: description of diagram, Recommended Enlarged Unisex Toilet
Room. Differences noted are the 72 inch depth of room, 86 inch
total width, and a 60 inch minimum width for toilet area from wall
to edge of sink closest to toilet. 56 inch by 60 inch clear floor
space for water closet must comply with 4.16.2. For increased
usability it is recommended that 36 inches be provided between the
toilet and lavatory. This additional space to the side of the
toilet allows side approaches and attendant assistance. The 56
inch by 60 inch clear floor space at the toilet can be considered
a minimum for these activities. ADAAG Reference Index for Toilet Stalls

Scoping Requirements for Accessible Elements of Toilet Stalls
(Types of Facilities covered, Minimum Number, Location and
Exceptions)

4.1 Minimum Requirements for New Construction,
Additions, Alterations And Historic Preservation

4.22.4 Water Closets (Toilet Rooms)

4.23.4 Water Closets (Bathrooms, Bathing Facilities, and
Shower Rooms)

Technical Requirements for Accessible Elements of Toilet Stalls

For Standard and Alternate Stalls
Primary Reference

4.17.1 Location - ADAAG page 41

4.17.2 Water Closet - ADAAG page 41

4.17.3 Size and Arrangement - ADAAG page 42

4.17.4 Toe Clearances - ADAAG page 42

4.17.5 Doors - ADAAG page 42

4.17.6 Grab bars - ADAAG page 44

Secondary Reference

4.16 Water Closets 

A4.17.3 Size and Arrangement - ADAAG page A10

4.22.4 Water Closet (Toilet Stalls) - ADAAG page 45 4.23.4 Water Closets (Bathrooms, Bathing Facilities, and
Shower Rooms) - ADAAG page 48

A4.17.5 Doors - ADAAG page A10

4.13 Doors - ADAAG page 36

4.26 Grab Bars - ADAAG page 50

Additional Stall Required When 6 or More Stalls are Provided
Primary Reference

4.22.4 Water Closets - ADAAG page 47

Secondary Reference

A4.17.3 Size and Arrangement - ADAAG page A10

4.26 Handrail, Grab Bar, and Tub and Shower Seats -
ADAAG page 50

Fig. 30 (d) (Side Walls) - ADAAG page 43

4.16 Water Closets - ADAAG page 40











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