Public Toilets Management
1.1 Background – Rationale
for the Council’s involvement in the particular activity.
Overview of the activity
The provision of public
toilets is a discretionary activity for local authorities under
the Local Government Act 2002. Council reviewed service level standards
for this activity in 2003. Public participation in the review showed
community support for the provision of public toilets.
1.2 Community outcomes
to which the activity contributes.
· Safe and Healthy People
· Sustainable District
1.3 The activity goal
and principal objectives.
To upgrade and maintain
public toilets in accordance with Council’s Public Toilets
Strategy 2003 (including
NZ Standard 4241:1999).
2. Levels of Service,
Performance Measures, and Relationship to
2.1 List of performance
measures for the activity.
shall be provided in major shopping areas such as central
Oamaru, at major sporting venues, in all townships of population
greater than 100 and where there are formal Council picnic
facilities to comply with all relevant statutes
levels such as proximity to amenities, standard of fittings,
etc is defined in the Toilet Strategy.
public satisfaction of quality of maintained standard of
facilities at 70% or higher
toilets will be upgraded to meet at least NZS 4241:1999
2.2 Explanation of how
targets and measures intended to be reported in the Annual
The Annual Report will
indicate the progress with implementing the strategy.
3. The Existing Situation
Council provides public
toilets at 28 sites from Roundbush adjacent to Lake Ohau in the
northwest to Macraes in the south. Many of these facilities are
at sporting venues, e.g. Weston Domain and Centennial Park, others
are located in commercial zones.
In addition to the above
public toilets, there are facilities at eight sites related to Waitaki
Lakes Camping Reserves and public toilets in some Council Operational
Properties including the Oamaru Library, The Waitaki Aquatic Centre,
The Oamaru Blue Penguin Colony and the Waihemo Centre.
In 2003 Council adopted
a strategy to upgrade its public toilets. The standard specification
for each facility indicates the standard fittings, hours of operation,
The Waitaki Strategy specifications
are based on NZ Standard 4241. Using this model, Council opted to
use four grades as follows:
Grade C High specification
toilets for high demand or commercial zones.
Grade D Utility toilets
for frequent use / demand in commercial zones, reserves and community
Grades E and F Wilderness
toilets for occasional use / demand in remote or isolated areas
to protect environment due to absence of alternatives.
The Waitaki Public Toilets
Strategy also includes a Sanitary Services Assessment.
4. Maintenance and Operating
4.1 How owned.
Council owned public toilets
are sited on Council Owned land or land that is vested in Council
or land that Council holds management responsibility for.
4.2 How managed and controlled.
The Waitaki District Council
has developed the Waitaki District Public Toilets Strategy.
This strategy includes
the use of contractor to maintain the facilities.
4.3 Estimated costs next
ten years (at least).
Operating funding requirements
for this activity are expected to be $200,000 per annum.
4.4 Maintenance and operating
Maintenance and Operation
decisions are based on feedback from the cleaning contractor, the
public and inspections by Council officers.
5. Future Demand (if applicable)
5.1 Demand Predictions
Demand for public toilets
usually occurs where people congregate away from their residence
or workplace for a length of time greater than one hour and where
no public toilet facilities are provided as part of another building.
(i) Local residents and
visitors expect public toilets to be available in the commercial
area of each community
(ii) Local residents expect
Council to provide public toilets in publicly accessible Council
(iii) Local residents
expect public toilets to be available in popular rural and semi
rural passive recreation reserves
(iv) Local residents expect
public toilets to be available at major sporting venues
(v) The public expect
public toilets to be accessible, clean, safe and well maintained
(vi) Environmental effects
of tourism is driving demand for more public toilets
(vii) The Oamaru Harbour
is a popular recreation area. Additional (i.e. new) public toilets
may be required to meet public demand in this area.
Council’s Toilet Strategy
was prepared to enable it to meet public demand. Council has also
approved a priorities programme for upgrading / renewing existing
facilities to meet demand for higher service level standards.
5.2 How arrived at.
Council followed a Special
Consultative Procedure as part of the process for developing the
Toilet Strategy in 2003. Council also undertakes public surveys
to monitor public satisfaction with this activity
6. New Capital Expenditure
6.1 Future capital works
No new toilets are planned.
Request for new toilets and changing sheds in the Oamaru
Harbour is under consideration but not yet planned.
6.2 How capital works
Capital works to be funded
7. Renewals Capital Expenditure
7.1 Future renewals needs
– next ten years (at least).
The three highest priorities
for upgrades and renewals are:
· Renewal of facilities
in Eden Street, Oamaru
· Renewal of facilities
in Ronaldsay Street, Palmerston
· Improvement in signage
Other renewals as follows:
· Developing new toilets
near Shag Point
· Improvements to the
Awamoa park toilets to be considered after the intersection changes
· Upgrading / renewing
the Roberts Park and Oamaru Gardens toilets
· That Council collect
data on the level of use of the toilets at Wynyard Street, Hydro
Place (Kurow), Roberts Park, Awamoa Park, Lower Thames Street and
Severn Street (Oamaru), in order to assess each site for upgrade
prioritisation and renewal specifications in accordance with Council’s
Public Toilet Strategy.
· Renewal of the following
sites will be considered at a later date:
· Oamaru Gardens
· Roberts Park
· Hydro Place
· New or existing facilities
at Gemmells Crossing need to comply with the Otago Regional Water
7.2 How renewals funded.
Depreciation of current
toilet facilities has not been funded. Initial replacement and upgrades
are to be funded by loan. Future renewals will be funded by depreciation.
8. Funding the Annual
Net Cost – ‘Who Pays’
Section 101(3) Considerations
The primary benefit from
public toilets is their use by visitors, which is a people-based
benefit. This benefit is excludable and rival. There are existence
values for leisure opportunities and economic development from the
provision of infrastructure. This is both
a people-based public good (toilets at recreation sites) and a property-based
public good (commercial businesses in urban areas). Public health
benefits are nonexcludable and non-rival.
This activity is a mix
of public and private good but mainly private good.
Council policy is to ensure
cost effective access to heritage and leisure amenities and to support
economic development. The private good component of this activity
is recoverable through user charges but user charging to recover
the economic allocation of costs would frustrate the policy objectives.
Choice of Funding Sources
Allocation and Funding Sources
Targeted Rate – Capital Value – Oamaru Business
Area General Rate – Land Value
Targeted Rate – Capital Value – District Services
The choice of these funding
sources recognises the nature and spread of benefits and lawfully
available funding sources. The use of a general rate reflects the
public good to the district as a whole. Uniform annual general charges
provide a better recognition of the people-based benefit but the
use of these funding sources is unlawful.
The cost recovery by way of
rating sources is achieved by applying the following
Rate – Capital Value – Oamaru Business Area
General Rate – Land Value
Targeted Rate – Capital Value – District Services
9. Resource Consents /
Property Designations (not applicable)
10. Demand Management
See Waitaki Public Toilet
11. Significant Negative
Effects (not applicable)
Significant Forecasting Assumptions, Uncertainties, and Risk
13. Laws, Bylaws and Strategic
14. Plan Review / Public
Council undertook a Special
Consultative Procedure to develop its Public Toilet Strategy 2003
Upgrades and renewals
arising from the Strategy will be progressively implemented over
the next decade.
Plan 2004/14 – Volume 2