NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY, 1998-99 (NFHS-2)
MAHARASHTRA PRELIMINARY REPORT
India’s first National Family Health Survey (NFHS-1) was conducted in 1992-93. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) subsequently designated the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, as the nodal agency to initiate a second survey (NFHS-2), which was conducted in 1998-99. An important objective of NFHS-2 is to provide state-level and national-level information on fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, and nutrition of women and children, and to examine this information in the context of related socioeconomic and cultural factors. This information is intended to assist policymakers and programme administrators in planning and implementing strategies for improving population, health and nutrition programmes.
The NFHS-2 sample covers more than 99 percent of India’s population living in 25 states. It does not cover, however, the union territories. The covered areas contain more than 99 percent of the country’s population. NFHS-2 is a household survey with an overall target sample size of approximately 94,000 ever-married women in the age group 15-49.
NFHS-2 is being conducted with financial support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and UNICEF and technical assistance from ORC Macro, Calverton, Maryland, USA, and the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Thirteen field organizations were selected to collect the data. Some of the field organizations are private sector organizations, and some are Population Research Centres established by the Government of India in various states. Each field organization had responsibility for collecting the data in one or more states. The Centre for Operations Research and Training (CORT) in Vadodara, Gujarat, was selected as the field organization for NFHS-2 in Maharashtra.
An important purpose of this preliminary report is to make the basic findings of NFHS-2 in Maharashtra available to
decision makers as soon as possible in order to maximize the usefulness of the findings. A more comprehensive final survey report for Maharashtra will be published later.
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FACT SHEET, MAHARASHTRA - NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY, 1999