Evaluation is the assessment at one point in time of
the impact of a piece of work and the extent to which
stated objectives have been achieved.
The emphasis should always be on evaluation as a learning
The purpose of evaluation is to
- clarify objectives and assess relevance
- assess how effective the work is, and what progress
it is making towards achieving its objectives
- assess what its impact is
- assess how efficient the work is in terms of using
- look at long term implications, asking, for instance,
if the work is sustainable.
Evaluations cannot take place unless there are
clear measurable indicators; key indicators; information
Toolkits refers to three types of evaluation: participatory
approaches; non-participatory approaches;
where the evaluation is conducted by external evaluators;
and joint evaluation where it
is conducted by a team including people from outside and
inside the programme.
A participatory approach can be used to some extent in
most types of evaluation. Indeed, all methods and approaches
should be designed to make sure the perspectives of different
groups including women and children are taken into account.
Yet it must be recognised that if an evaluation is to
be truly participatory, and if the views and conclusions
of staff, partners and people affected by the work are
to be given equal weight to the views of the donor agency,
then there needs to be a clear commitment to the principle
of participation at all levels of programme management.
Source: SCF Toolkits: a practical guide to assessment,
monitoring, review and evaluation.