1. Dumping sites
quick study of working conditions of waste pickers at dumping
grounds with reference to following points
Number of waste
pickers working at dumping sites
The name of
organizations they belong to
especially for women at dumping sites
of waste pickers
and their use
of waste pickers
of effect of their work and its value
How much improvement
is possible by better organization, Better supervision and better
proposed facilities for their toilet, drinking water and storage
of their material
to waste pickers is possible at dumping sites and also at various
collection points ( as is being done at fashion street at present)
can suggest following remedies to improve the situation of waste
pickers at dumping ground
be strict ban on children entering dumping ground . All NGOs working
with waste pickers should be instructed not to issue I-Cards to
the youth below 18 years of age.
be protection for women waste pickers on dumping ground. Most
of the women suffer from the gangs working at dumping ground.
Security force should take care of such unruly elements.
SMS has submitted
the list of 750 women holding SMS I cards to Dy. Chief Engineer
–SWM two years ago.
However lately the waste trucks are diverted to Mulund dumping
site and few waste pickers therefore shifted to that site. However
since still has maximum number of adult waste women waste pickers
at Deonar and Mulund, SMS groups affiliated to PBVS (Federation
of waste Pickers) and registered with SJSRY.
can take the responsibility of maintaining the facilities
like toilet, drinking water etc. The proposal for dry waste shed
at Deonar dumping site is also approved by Chief Engineer SWM.
However due to lack of security and constant threat of theft,
the proposal is not pursued so far .
2. Kiosks for dry waste
provide wooden kiosk for dry waste of following size with locking
facility at as many
collection points as possible 6’
length x 4’ width x 10 ‘ height
should be maintained by waste picker groups registered with MCGM
or with NGOs who can facilitate the working of such kiosks.
for kiosks should be the area where composting , vermi- composting
or Bio -methanation projects
are in working conditions
or in the planning stage so that segregation at source is promoted
and supply of biodegraded material to such projects can be ensured.
contracts for such kiosks other women from such groups can be
trained house to house collection and
composting so that they can further reduce the waste to
be transported to the dumping ground.
Sheds for dry waste
provide the space for dry waste sheds in each ward to the registered
groups or to the cooperatives or organizations of waste pickers
with NGOs as facilitators
for constructing sheds for 8 dry waste sheds in 6 wards have been
by Chief Engineer –SWM and A.C. (Planning)CCDO- SJSRY and
the amount .and design sanctioned. However lack of coordination
in various departments has delayed the follow up at ward office.
MCGM is requested to expedite this process so that the funds for
2005-2006 can be utilized for the same.
4. Survey of waste pickers in Mumbai
survey of BPL has been taken up by SJSRY department at present.
But the experience in many cities shows that waste pickers are
often not included as they stay in the difficult areas. As per
our rough estimate there are 25000 waste pickers in Mumbai. SMS
is already participating in SJSRY survey . but we feel that MCGM
should carry out the extensive survey of waste pickers and
make their list for future reference. SMS is ready to give
all the cooperation for this.
should immediately identify the products for which buy back policy
can be possible.. SMS with the help of
PBVS is in the process of having an agreement
with Tetra Pak Company
for the collection of the
same from Mumbai. Most of the Tetra Pak (app. 100 tons per month
) is sent to dumping ground at present. SMS requests MCGM to give
all the cooperation to PBVS to collect Tetra Pak from major consumers
such as Railways and Airport Authority.
6. House to house Collection
per Pune model MCGM should collect only Bio degradable
waste from the citizens, at least in the selected area
such as public sector colonies. Instead the waste pickers should
be incorporated in the house to house collection.
present SMS is working in following wards with the help of 250
Name of the ward
Type of work
Composting, Dry waste shed and tempo
Composting. Dry waste shed and tempo
Dry waste shed
Composting, Dry waste shed (proposed)
M ( West)
Dry waste shed and tempo
Composting. Dry waste shed (sanctioned) and
Composting. Dry waste shed(non functional) and
feels that if particular area is given to the waste pickers for
house to house collection of dry and wet waste and processing
of the same , they can definitely bring almost Zero waste situation
in that particular area provided the SWM Department
extends full cooperation to SMS in
micro planning and implementation of the project. Ideal
population for area adoption should be
2000 families. MCGM should aim to bring at least 100
public sector housing colonies before March 2006.
for the Area adoption Scheme
programme for the school children and citizens. SMS has developed
awareness material to make people aware about the environmental
issues connected with the solid waste management. SMS would like
to go to each school and conduct an environmental workshop for
the children. It would like to go to each building and convince
and motivate the people for the segregation of waste through lectures,
street plays, poster exhibitions, leaflets etc…
of the ragpickers in finer sorting of the waste,
Training of the rag pickers for manure-making process,
Construction of pits
Construction of tin shed.
at the site
to house collection of the waste
of waste arrived at the site.
segregation of the dry waste into paper, plastics, glass, rags
& all others on the basis of substances.
of the organic waste under Technical expertise. Biodegradable
Component, which forms bulk of the waste, will be turned into
soil conditioner through this processing.
treatment of waste
preparation for the project
implementation of the project
of the contract procedure with Hosing complexes
of the women (On job training)
technical know how
with the Municipal authorities
of the product such as manure and dry waste
of the area along with SMS activists and volunteers for the route
and the timing etc.
the safai kamgars and J.O.s (staff )along with SMS if area is
general MCGM area
of Tempo for the collection of dry waste
of notices to all the buildings, shop and establishments, hospitals
in the selected area with proper time frame and follow up of the
of the respective staff of Solid waste Department (down the line
) responsible for the said
area. Presence of N.D.
of publicity van for
propaganda of segregation of waste
of Municipal officers of SWM in awareness meetings which will
authenticity to the
of space for shed for storage of dry waste in
to the model project at all levels
SMS tried to work out this proposal in M-west but could achieve
only 50 % success due to lack of cooperation from M ward SWM Department.)
such projects are linked with SJSRY, women can raise the loans
and can also get subsidies to construct pits or provide small
Bio- Methanation plants to take care of 250kg. of biodegradable
waste at a time.
last 30 years SMS
has successfully carried out various campaigns for the equality
of women. In last 6 years SMS has carefully studied the issues
of waste management and developed public education material such
as C. D.s in English , Hindi, Marathi, Poster exhibitions (Hindi
and Marathi), brochures
and also the training material. SMS activists have written several
articles in local and national newspapers to spread the thought
of cleanliness. SMS recently started training of both
waste pickers Municipal sweepers
in Thane Municipal Corporation.
an opportunity SMS would like to start such a training for MCGM
at present maintaining 5 Biogas plants in Mumbai which are designed
by BARC. SMS has gained considerable experience thorough these
pilot efforts. SMS feels that these plants can be made successful
only if the system of collection of segregated biodegradable waste
is linked with plant and end use of gas is decided before starting
Stree Mukti Sangathan