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  Home >> Cleanliness >> revised draft rules - littering, segregation etc

 

 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF BRIHAN MUMBAI  

N O T I C E  

On publication of this Notice in the newspapers, every person or persons in the City of Mumbai shall adhere to and comply with the herein below stated rules.  These Rules shall be known as Municipal Solid Wastes (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Rules 2005.   

STATEMENTS AND OBJECTS  

Solid waste management and handling is an obligatory function of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) and has to be done in accordance with the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 framed under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986. Management and handling of bio-medical waste and hazardous wastes are governed by separate sets of rules framed under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.  MCGM been endeavouring to ensure compliance with the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 through various measures in consultation with the Government of Maharashtra and the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB). However, apathy of generators of wastes regarding their responsibility to avoid littering, and to ensure  proper segregation, storage, and delivery  of Municipal Solid Wastes as well as some deficiencies in the storage, collection and transport systems has resulted  in inadequate compliance with the relevant criteria and procedures for different parameters of management of municipal solid wastes given in Schedule II of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000.  

The MCGM has initiated a campaign to remove community solid waste storage centers from public roads by providing services for door-step collection of segregated Municipal Solid Wastes by bell ringing vehicles.  MCGM has also finalized a separate set of rules for handling and management of construction & demolition wastes and measures to promote recycling of wastes.  The MCGM is also facilitating the collection, transport and disposal of bio-medical wastes under the guidance of the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board. 

In order to ensure proper compliance of Schedule II of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000, the MCGM hereby notifies the following rules to be known as “The Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering, and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Rules 2005”  under Section 368 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act 1888.  

The Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Rules 2005.  

The Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Rules 2005 are framed under Section 368 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act 1888, so as to achieve the mandate of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000.

(1)            Title and Commencement:

a.  These Rules shall be referred to as the Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Rules 2005.

b.  Save as otherwise provided in these Rules, they shall come into force on the day of their publication in the newspapers .

 (2)            Application of the Rules:

             These Rules shall apply to every public place within the limits of Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai, to every generator of Municipal Solid Wastes and to every premises within the limits of Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai under the ownership or occupation of any person or persons, such premises being used either for residential, commercial, government or institutional use and shall include a workshop, temporary work or storage site, shed, stable, warehouse, community hall, market, marriage hall or Kalyan Mandap and premises used for undertaking any business or trade of whatsoever nature be it an office, shop, factory, garage, hotel or restaurant and shall include permanent or temporary stalls and street vendors of any kind who generate Municipal Solid Wastes as well as gardens, which also generate Municipal Solid Wastes.

(3)            Definitions: 

In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires : -

(a)         "biodegradable substance" means a substance that can be degraded by micro- organisms;

(b)         "biomethanation" means a process which entails enzymatic decomposition of the organic matter by microbial action to produce methane rich biogas;

(c)         "collection" means lifting and removal of solid wastes from collection points or any other location;

(d)         "composting" means a controlled process involving microbial decomposition of organic matter;

(e)        “ community storage centre”  means any spot secure premises commonly used by one or more generators of waste for storage of municipal solid wastes notified by the Municipal Commissioner for collection of Municipal Solid Wastes by the collection vehicle provided by the Municipal Corporation; or by authorized rag pickers’ organizations;

(f)          "demolition and construction waste" means wastes from building materials, debris and rubble resulting from construction, re-modelling, repair and demolition operations ;

(g)        "generator of wastes" means any person generating municipal solid wastes ;

(h)        "littering "  means throwing or placing any Municipal Solid Waste contrary to and in contravention of what is stated in these Rules.

(i) "municipal commissioner" means the Municipal Commissioner of Brihan Mumbai or any officer of the municipal corporation who is vested with the powers of the municipal commissioner.

(j)      "municipal corporation" means the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai and where the context requires, its agents.

(k)    "municipal solid waste" includes commercial and residential wastes generated in the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai area in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes, but including treated bio-medical wastes;

(l)      "owner"  means the person or persons who receives the rent for any premises or land or part thereof let or intended to be let or occupied separately or who will be entitled to receive the rent thereof if the building or land or part thereof were let and includes an agent or trustee who receives such rent or a receiver or a manager who exercises the rights of a owner of any building, or land or part thereof or a mortgagee in possession;

(m)           "occupier" includes any person who for the time being is paying or is liable to pay to the owner the rent or any portion of the rent of the land or building in respect of which such rent is paid or is payable, or an owner in occupation of, or otherwise using, any land or building or part thereof, or a rent free tenant of any land or building or part thereof, or a licensee or lessee in occupation of any land or building or part thereof, and any person who is liable to pay to the owner damages for the use and occupation of any land or building or part thereof. It also includes any person who has, for the time being, been allowed to enclose any portion of a public road, erect any structure on it or place any article or material on it for any purpose whatsoever.

(n)"person"  means any person or persons and shall include any firm or company or association or body of individuals whether incorporated or not and their agents.

(o)"premises" includes buildings, tenements in a building, house, out house, stable, shed, hut, and any other structure whether of masonry, brick, mud, wood, metal or any other material whatsoever and lands of any tenure whether open or enclosed whether built upon or not. It also includes any portion of a public road that may be permitted to be used  for parking of vehicles, street vending, as a temporary storage or work site or for any other purpose whatsoever.

(p)"processing" means the process by which solid wastes are transformed into new or recycled products;

(q)            "public place" includes any road, arch road, via duct, lane, footway, alley or passage, highway, causeway, bridge, square alley, passage whether a thoroughfare or not over which the public have a right of passage, house gullies, open drains and such places where the general public has an access such as parks, gardens, recreation grounds, playgrounds, beaches, water bodies, water courses, public plazas and promenades, Government and Municipal Hospitals, Maternity Homes and Dispensaries, Government and Municipal offices, Municipal Markets and Slaughter Houses, Courts, etc.

(r) "recycling" means the process of transforming segregated solid wastes into raw materials for producing new products, which may or may not be similar to the original products.

(s) "schedule" means a schedule appended to these rules.

(t)  "segregation" means to separate Municipal Solid Wastes into groups of bio-degradable, recyclable and non-recyclable wastes.  

(u)"storage" means the temporary containment of municipal solid wastes in a manner so as to prevent littering, attraction to vectors, stray animals and excessive foul odour;

(v)"transportation " means conveyance of municipal solid wastes from place to place hygienically through specially designed transport system so as to prevent foul odour, littering, unsightly conditions and accessibility to vectors;

(w) "vermicomposting" is a process of using earthworms for conversion of bio-degradable wastes into compost.  

 Words and Expressions used in these Rules but not defined shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Municipal Corporation of Mumbai Act, 1988 or the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 unless the context otherwise requires.  

4.  Prohibition of littering: -

(a) On and after the date on which these rules are published in the newspapers, no person shall throw, deposit or cause to be thrown or deposited any waste whether liquid, semi-solid or solid upon or in any public place, except in a manner provided for in these rules, or in any other rules framed under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 or the Municipal Corporation Act, 1888 or under any other law which may be in force.

(b) On and after the date on which these Rules are published in the newspapers every person shall ensure that no Municipal Solid Waste is thrown or deposited or caused to be thrown or deposited by such person or his dependants, guests, agents, customers or clients on any public road in front of or adjacent to any premises owned or occupied by him from which there is direct access to such premises; and adequate number and size of litter bins are provided within such premises.  

Explanation: In case of any littering in any public place in front of or adjacent to any premises it will be the onus of the person owning or occupying such premises to prove that the littering has not been done or caused by such person or his dependants, guests, agents, customers or clients.  

5. Segregation, storage, delivery and collection of Municipal Solid Wastes

 (1)     On and after the date of publication of these Rules in the newspapers, every generator of Municipal Solid Wastes in Brihan Mumbai shall store and deliver municipal solid wastes in a segregated manner in three different groups, viz. bio-degradable wastes, recyclable wastes and non recyclable wastes in accordance with the procedure laid down in Schedule I. Untreated Bio-medical wastes, hazardous industrial wastes and demolition and construction wastes shall not be mixed with any of the three groups of municipal solid wastes specified above and such wastes shall be governed by the rules separately framed for the management and handling of such wastes under the Environment Protection Act, 1986, and or The Municipal Corporation Act, 1888.  

6.       Penalty for contravention of these rules: -

On and after the date of publication of these Rules in the newspapers, whoever contravenes these Rules shall, on conviction, be punishable with fines which may extend to Rs. 1,000/- (Rupees one thousand only) for every instance of breach of these rules and Rs.1000/- (Rupees one thousand only) for every day during which the breach continues after conviction of the first breach or after receipt of written notice from the Municipal Commissioner to discontinue the breach.  

SCHEDULE – I 

        A. Illustrative list of different types of Municipal Solid Wastes      

Organic Wastes

Inorganic Wastes

Biodegradable

Recyclable

Non-recyclable

·  Kitchen Wastes

· Tea Leaves

· Egg Shells

· Vegetables

· Fruit and Vegetable  peels  

· Meat

· Bones

·  Flowers, fruits and vegetables

· Garden and animal wastes

· Leaf litter

· Soiled paper

· Scraps of paper

· House dust after cleaning

· Coconut shells

 

·  Newspapers

· Paper books and magazines

· Glass

· Wires

· Metal objects

· Plastic

· Metals

· Rags

· Leather

· Rexine

· Rubbers

· Thermocol /    Styrofoam

 

·         Old medicines

·         Paints

·         Fluorescent tubes

·         Spray cans

·         Fertilizers and pesticide containers

·         Batteries

·         Shoe polish

·         Other domestic

     hazardous wastes

 

           

 B. Storage, delivery and collection of segregated Municipal Solid Wastes.  

1.       Biodegradable municipal solid wastes shall be used by every generator of such wastes for composting, vermi-composting or biomethanation within the premises where such waste is generated or in any other premises available for community composting, vermi-composting or biomethanation as far as possible. Guidelines for composting, vermi-composting and biomethanation and lists of registered persons who can provide guidance and assistance in respect of these processes are available in the ward offices of the municipal corporation.  

       Biodegradable solid wastes, which cannot be used for any of the aforementioned purposes by any generator of wastes shall be stored by generators of such wastes in covered bins within their premises and their delivery shall be ensured by every such generator of wastes to :  

i.                     The bell-ringing biodegradable waste collection vehicle, the services of which shall be provided everyday for door-step collection of biodegradable wastes by the Municipal Corporation or at such times and at the spots as may be notified by the municipal commissioner for different localities from time to time.

ii.                    The community (biodegradable wastes) storage centers notified by the municipal commissioner, where the biodegradable wastes shall be stored in closed containers or stationary compactors of such specifications as the municipal commissioner may specify and from where biodegradable waste collection vehicles provided by the municipal corporation or by authorized rag-pickers’ organizations shall collect biodegradable wastes regularly at such intervals that the municipal commissioner may notify from time to time.

2.        Recyclable municipal solid wastes shall be stored in recyclable bags and delivered by every generator of wastes to (i) any scrap dealer, recycler, authorized rag pickers' orgnisations, or any other person licensed or registered by the concerned Ward office of the Municipal Corporation for trading in waste materials, or (ii) the community (dry waste) storage centre notified by the municipal commissioner or (iii) to the dry waste collection vehicle which shall be provided at such spots and at such times as may be notified by the municipal commissioner from time to time for collection of recyclable and non-recyclable wastes.

3.        Non-recyclable municipal solid wastes shall be stored in recyclable bags and delivered by every generator of wastes to the dry waste collection vehicle which shall be provided at such intervals of time as the municipal commissioner may notify from time to time for collection of recyclable and non-recyclable wastes.

Explanation : (1) A list of registered / licensed scrap dealers, recyclers and rag-pickers’ associations etc is available in the respective Ward offices of the Municipal Corporation.

(2)     Recycling of municipal solid wastes shall be governed by such rules or guidelines that yjr MPCB may frame / issue from time to time.  

(3)     Community storage centers shall be established and maintained by generators of wastes with or without the assistance of the municipal corporation as far as possible within the premises of such generators of wastes. In exceptional cases where community waste storage centers have to be maintained on public roads due to unavoidable reasons, it shall be ensured that they are secure and separate arrangements are made for storage and collection of different types of segregated wastes at such centres.  

_________  

(Further portion is not taken in the notice as above please)  

SCHEDULE -II  

Storage Rules:

            Every generator of waste and group of generators of wastes shall ensure storage of biodegradable, recyclable and other municipal solid wastes in separate containers in sanitary and hygienic conditions within the premises in which such wastes are generated or a community collection centre maintained by the group of generators. For collection by municipal vehicles generatorsThe containers shall be either in the form of wheeled bins with lids which can be lifted by biodegradable waste collection vehicles mechanically, other types of covered bins or closed bags which can be easily emptied into any type of waste collection vehicle manually or which can be deposited at the community waste collection centre without requiring direct manual handling of the waste.

Specifications:

(Mandatory)

     General specifications: Wheeled bins have to adhere to EN-840-1 standards to ensure compatibility with mechanized lifting arrangements of compactors and mini-compactors.   

     Material: HDPE in case of wheeled bins; HDPE or LDPE in case of other bins, bio-degradable materials in case of bags used to store and deliver inorganic wastes and any permitted recyclable material in case of bags used to store and deliver inorganic wastes.  

     Wheeled bins should have proper HDPE lids.  Translucent bags should be used to store and deliver inorganic wastes as far as possible.

     Capacity of wheeled bins: 120 L or 240 L.  Bins without wheels can be used provided the weight of the garbage is less than 10 Kgs.

     Testing Standards: Wheeled bins shall be tested as per EN-840,5 standard

     Mobility: Wheeled bins shall have at least 2 wheels for ease of movement

     Density of refuse: Wheeled bins shall be designed to suit a density of refuse as 0. kg/m^2.

     Availability :  List of manufacturers / suppliers registered with the M.C.G.M. for supply of wheeled bins or different capacities with the specifications given above is available in the Ward offices of the Municipal Corporation and the web site of the Municipal Corporation at www.mcgm.gov.in.  

SCHEDULE - V

(As per MPCB Rules)  

Composting Rules :

Composting is a natural controlled process of decomposition of organic material by microorganisms into a useful product.  Generators can make their own supply of compost in their own yard using waste material that would otherwise be thrown away. Composting of kitchen and yard wastes at the household and community level should be encouraged.  

Composting is a relatively simple process that can reduce the amount of waste material going to Municipal Solid Waste disposal facilities. At the same time, finished compost can be used to improve soil texture, increase the ability of soil to absorb water and air, suppress weed growth, decrease erosion, and reduce the need for commercial soil additives / fertilizers.  

Waste ingredients used in the composting treatment are listed in the Table given below.

Composting Ingredients

Browns

(Carbon)

Greens

(Nitrogen)

·         Dry Leaves & Twigs

·         Dry Plant & Grass Clipping

·         Hay

·         Non-recyclable Paper

·         Paper towels, Plates & Napkins

·         Grass & Plant Clippings

·         Fresh Landscape Trimmings

·         Vegetables

·         Fruit Peels

·         Coffee Grounds & Used Tea Powder/leaves

·         Egg Shells

·         Waste Food

A good mix consists of three parts "browns"  and one part "greens".  

Moisture: Composting materials should feel moist but not overly soggy.

Temperature: Compost should feel warm to the touch except in the cold winter months.  

Air: To prevent unpleasant odors that can occur when materials decompose without oxygen, compost should be turned regularly to ensure that air is reaching the center of the pile.  

Yard Composting

A 4 x 4 x 4-foot area out of direct sunlight is ideal for your compost pile. Choose an easily accessible spot on a grass or soil base. Composting can begin any time of the year, but many people start in the fall when leaves are abundant.  

Organic materials should be mixed, adding water as needed so that the materials feel like a moist, wrung-out sponge. The compost pile should be turned after a few weeks so that the outside layers are exchanged with the center of the pile. Turn compost piles about once a month, except in cold winter conditions. Water can be added during turning, if necessary.  

Do not compost the following:

·         Diseased plants or leaves

·         Human or pet feces

·         Meat, dairy products and kitchen vegetables cooked with animal fats.

·         Plants that have gone to seed

Compost is ready to be used when it looks dark and crumbly and none of the starting ingredients are visible. One way to test if your compost is finished is to seal a small sample in a plastic bag for 24 to 48 hours. If no strong odors are released when you open the bag, the compost is done.  

Compost can be applied directly around the base of trees and shrubs to serve as a mulch. It also can be worked into the top six to eight inches of the soil to provide increased water retention and valuable nutrients.  

Home Composting

Choose a "pot" for baking your compost. Any type of composting bin will do.

Place kitchen or yard wastes into the composting bin. Chop or shred the organic materials if you want them to compost quickly.

Spread soil or "already done" compost over the compost pile. This layer contains the microorganisms and soil animals that do the work of making the compost. It also helps keep the surface from drying out.  

Adjust the moisture in your compost pile. Add dry straw or sawdust to soggy materials, or add water to a pile that is too dry. The materials should be damp to the touch, but not so wet that drops come out when you squeeze it.

Allow the pile to "bake." It should heat up quickly and reach the desired temperature (90° to 140°F, or 32° to 60°C) in four to five days

Stir your compost as it bakes if you want to speed up the baking time.

The pile will settle down from its original height. This is a good sign that the compost is baking properly.  

If you mix or turn your compost pile every week, it should be "done," or ready to use, in one to two months. If you don't turn it, the compost should be ready in about six to twelve months. Your "compost" should look like dark crumbly soil mixed with small pieces of organic material. It should have a sweet, earthy smell.  

Feed compost to plants by mixing it with the soil.  

Other methods of composting: 

Composting with the aid of earth worms (Vermi-composting) and composting with the aid of bio-cultures can also be done.  Lists of firms / N.G.Os., who can provide assistance for this purpose is available at the Ward Offices of the Municipal Corporation and on the web site of the M.C.G.M. at www.mcgm.gov.in.  

          AGENDA FOR MEETING REGARDING CLEANLINESS DRIVE  

1)      Approval of draft Rules for prohibition of littering and segregation.  

2)      Plan for replacement of public waste, collection points on selected roads by house to house collection.  

3)      Installation of litter bins and arrangement for night sweeping / mopping and manning of selected roads.  

4)      Permission for excavation to be given only by concerned Addl. Commissioner on selected roads.  

5)      Plan for enforcement against littering, dumping of debris, unbarricated excavation sites, etc. with the help of shop inspectors, licence inspectors, enforcement squads, security personnel and N.Ds.  

6)      Publicity to the cleanliness drive through newspapers and other media.

Dec 7, 2005














It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself. --Charles Dudley Warner