Summary of littering / segregation rules - draft 1
is important (rather, it is critical) that you respond to the email below.
I mentioned, we had an excellent meeting with Mr. Ratho reg. Littering and
Segregation Rules that are being planned. There were many suggestions from our
side which were discussed at length. Mr. Ratho then asked us to put down our
suggestions and revert quickly. Accordingly, below is a general wishlist-type
note on the Rules. The current draft is in the Cleanliness Section in www.karmayog.org
you read this, please reflect and respond while also keeping in mind the
Doability --- what infrastructural and support facilities should BMC arrange for
before and on an ongoing business, what should be the incentives and penalties,
how can citizen groups be involved, what
awareness-education-demonstration-training measures are needed, how to make all
this a success. What are the likely "fatal flaws"? On which types of
occasions, waste generators, public and private events, etc. should enforcement
be relaxed / different procedures be applicable?
Fairness --- is it correct to expect citizens / BMC to do what is stated? are
the fines fair? what if BMC does not provide adequate support? etc.
Penalties -- should fines be low or high? which ensures greater compliance?
deterrence vs. punishment? what are other things to keep in mind? how can
'settling the matter' be avoided thru appropriate incentivisation of the fine
Exceptions -- what should these be? how should they be handled? e.g. on festive
occasions (Diwali firecrackers, Sankranti kite flying), public places where
functions held e.g.
Empowering Citizens - how can community orgs e.g. ALMs be strengthened? e.g. to
be able to fine.
Feedback and Monitoring -- how can citizen groups be involved?
What bags should one use in the household kitchen in which
to give biodegradable waste to the building sweeper?
of the Municipal
Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage,
Delivery and Collection) Rules 2006
doing the following in any public place not specifically designated for that
purpose shall be fined:
1. Littering / throwing waste.
2. Bathing, spitting, urinating, defecating, feeding birds and animal groups,
washing vehicles, washing utensils.
3. Allowing the footpath and gutter around one's premises to be dirty.
4. Throwing waste in water bodies -- including pooja articles. (Kalashes will be
provided and contents treated appropriately by MCGM / volunteering temple.)
Segregation, storage, delivery and collection of solid waste Rules:
1. waste to be handled separately in and for following different groups --
biodegradable, recyclable, non-recyclable, hazardous, fish & poultry &
slaughter waste, leaves & tree trimmings, construction & demolition, or
bio-medical. Failure to invite fines.
biodegradable waste to be composted insitu, or in private community composting
centres, or MCGM community composting centres, or deposited in designated MCGM
space. MCGM will pay for transport savings. MCGM will buy compost.
Biomethanation also allowed. Penalty for picking up uncomposted or
unsegregated waste. Such wet waste will be picked up daily with the penalty,
until in due course, 100% composting is achieved.
3. All waste to be held with waste-generator or at designated spots till time of
picking up by MCGM vehicle. Bell-ringing concept.
4. Dry waste - recyclable, non-recyclable non-hazardous, bulky non-recyclable
non-hazardous, non-recyclable hazardous to be stored separately and will be
picked up separately once a week. Can be delivered to designated MCGM spots.
Storage containers to be as specified. Else penalty.
5. Bulk (non-house-hold) Poultry, Fish, Slaughter Waste -- will be picked up
6. Vendors / Hawkers (authorised and unauthorised) to keep each category of
waste separately and deposit it in separately categorised community containers.
7. Restaurants & Hotels - Trade Refuse Charges to be based on net waste
generated (and not on grade of hotel).
8. No burning of waste to be allowed --- incl. leaves.
1. ALMs, etc. will
be given authority and responsibility by MCGM to keep their area clean,
including charging of an “administrative charge” for defaulters.
2. Cleanliness Task Force Teams will
be formed in each Councillor Ward, where the reporting role of the CTF Team will
be taken cognisance of by the concerned ALM, MCGM officials, etc. for penalties
and for system-fixing.
3. Corporates, etc. who want to adopt an area can prepare a
'landscape' plan in consultation with MCGM and ALMs and implement it. Other
donors who want to contribute to a part of the plan e.g. planting trees can do
Mandatory Support by MCGM:
provide incentives to the generators of waste for reducing waste by composting
and recycling, and these incentives will be based on the savings made by MCGM by
reduction of the volume of garbage to be transported.
will support local groups who come forward to take responsibility to keep their
area clean. (Linked to Point C1 above) e.g. by providing special teams to help
in cleanliness drives. (pl suggest others).
MCGM will take action based on
the daily reports filed by the citizens Cleanliness Task Force Teams (linked
to C.2 above) e.g. route planning, penalties, cleanliness drives, awareness
MCGM officer will be designated at Ward level to support the citizens’
groups in implementation.
MCGM will set up
demonstration models of composting units in public parks and gardens, as well as
provide other infrastructural and resource support.
will invite NGOs or others to undertake awareness, education, training of all
stakeholders incl. its own staff. Also to document successful initiatives so as
to form a citizen resource base that other citizens can utilise. Prizes also.
will provide a helpline and accessible lists (at ward and on website) of
composting experts, scrap dealers, dealers of recyclables, container
will provide infrastructure facilities to make compliance easy e.g. adequate
number of litter bins, spitoons, conveniently located community storage or
composting centres, toilets, etc.
will show its commitment towards a zero landfill objective by giving monthly
data about the amount of each waste going in landfills, amount of compost
MCGM's own spaces are not kept clean, then it too should pay a fine which
will go the nearby ALMs.
If a Councillor area is not kept clean enough (to define), Rs. 5 lakhs from
the Councillor's budget to be distributed to the various ALMs, etc.
/ Fines: (Schedule will be circulated soon)
Contravention of these Rules will attract a fine as specified in the Schedule
Schedule of Fines lists the various types of contraventions (such as
littering, or non-segregation, or burning of waste), as well as the types of
offenders. (such as individual, group, Government agency, etc)
Schedule of Fines also factors in a “familiarisation / warning period” for
the understanding / implementation of these Rules; in the “Familiarization
Period, the Fine for contravention is half the actual amount or nil.
Schedule of Fines also lists the fine to be charged for repeated offenders, on
a daily basis.