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Summary of littering / segregation rules - draft 1 

It is important (rather, it is critical) that you respond to the email below.


As I mentioned, we had an excellent meeting with Mr. Ratho reg. Littering and Segregation Rules that are being planned. There were many suggestions from our side which were discussed at length. Mr. Ratho then asked us to put down our suggestions and revert quickly. Accordingly, below is a general wishlist-type note on the Rules. The current draft is in the Cleanliness Section in .


As you read this, please reflect and respond while also keeping in mind the following:


a) Doability --- what infrastructural and support facilities should BMC arrange for before and on an ongoing business, what should be the incentives and penalties, how can citizen groups be involved, what awareness-education-demonstration-training measures are needed, how to make all this a success. What are the likely "fatal flaws"? On which types of occasions, waste generators, public and private events, etc. should enforcement be relaxed / different procedures be applicable?


b) Fairness --- is it correct to expect citizens / BMC to do what is stated? are the fines fair? what if BMC does not provide adequate support? etc.


c) Penalties -- should fines be low or high? which ensures greater compliance? deterrence vs. punishment? what are other things to keep in mind? how can 'settling the matter' be avoided thru appropriate incentivisation of the fine collector, etc.


d) Exceptions -- what should these be? how should they be handled? e.g. on festive occasions (Diwali firecrackers, Sankranti kite flying), public places where functions held e.g. Shivaji Park ? etc.


e) Empowering Citizens - how can community orgs e.g. ALMs be strengthened? e.g. to be able to fine.


f) Feedback and Monitoring -- how can citizen groups be involved?

One important question: What bags should one use in the household kitchen in which to give biodegradable waste to the building sweeper?


Thanks. Vinay  


Summary of the Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Rules 2006


 A. Littering Rules:


Anyone doing the following in any public place not specifically designated for that purpose shall be fined:

    1. Littering / throwing waste.

    2. Bathing, spitting, urinating, defecating, feeding birds and animal groups, washing vehicles, washing utensils.

    3. Allowing the footpath and gutter around one's premises to be dirty.

    4. Throwing waste in water bodies -- including pooja articles. (Kalashes will be provided and contents treated appropriately by MCGM / volunteering temple.)


B. Segregation, storage, delivery and collection of solid waste Rules:


    1. waste to be handled separately in and for following different groups -- biodegradable, recyclable, non-recyclable, hazardous, fish & poultry & slaughter waste, leaves & tree trimmings, construction & demolition, or bio-medical. Failure to invite fines.


    2. biodegradable waste to be composted insitu, or in private community composting centres, or MCGM community composting centres, or deposited in designated MCGM space. MCGM will pay for transport savings.  MCGM will buy compost.  Biomethanation also allowed. Penalty for picking up uncomposted or unsegregated waste. Such wet waste will be picked up daily with the penalty, until in due course, 100% composting is achieved.


    3. All waste to be held with waste-generator or at designated spots till time of picking up by MCGM vehicle. Bell-ringing concept.


    4. Dry waste - recyclable, non-recyclable non-hazardous, bulky non-recyclable non-hazardous, non-recyclable hazardous to be stored separately and will be picked up separately once a week. Can be delivered to designated MCGM spots. Storage containers to be as specified. Else penalty.


    5. Bulk (non-house-hold) Poultry, Fish, Slaughter Waste -- will be picked up separately daily.


    6. Vendors / Hawkers (authorised and unauthorised) to keep each category of waste separately and deposit it in separately categorised community containers.


    7. Restaurants & Hotels - Trade Refuse Charges to be based on net waste generated (and not on grade of hotel).


    8. No burning of waste to be allowed --- incl. leaves.



C. Citizen Empowerment:


    1. ALMs, etc. will be given authority and responsibility by MCGM to keep their area clean, including charging of an “administrative charge” for defaulters.


    2. Cleanliness Task Force Teams will be formed in each Councillor Ward, where the reporting role of the CTF Team will be taken cognisance of by the concerned ALM, MCGM officials, etc. for penalties and for system-fixing.


    3. Corporates, etc. who want to adopt an area can prepare a 'landscape' plan in consultation with MCGM and ALMs and implement it. Other donors who want to contribute to a part of the plan e.g. planting trees can do so.



D. Mandatory Support by MCGM:


1.       MCGM will provide incentives to the generators of waste for reducing waste by composting and recycling, and these incentives will be based on the savings made by MCGM by reduction of the volume of garbage to be transported.


2.       MCGM will support local groups who come forward to take responsibility to keep their area clean. (Linked to Point C1 above) e.g. by providing special teams to help in cleanliness drives. (pl suggest others).


3.       MCGM will take action based on the daily reports filed by the citizens Cleanliness Task Force Teams (linked to C.2 above) e.g. route planning, penalties, cleanliness drives, awareness efforts.


4.   One MCGM officer will be designated at Ward level to support the citizens’ groups in implementation.


5.       MCGM will set up demonstration models of composting units in public parks and gardens, as well as provide other infrastructural and resource support.      


6.   MCGM will invite NGOs or others to undertake awareness, education, training of all stakeholders incl. its own staff. Also to document successful initiatives so as to form a citizen resource base that other citizens can utilise. Prizes also.


7.    MCGM will provide a helpline and accessible lists (at ward and on website) of composting experts, scrap dealers, dealers of recyclables, container manufacturers, etc.


8.    MCGM will provide infrastructure facilities to make compliance easy e.g. adequate number of litter bins, spitoons, conveniently located community storage or composting centres, toilets, etc.


9.    MCGM will show its commitment towards a zero landfill objective by giving monthly data about the amount of each waste going in landfills, amount of compost bought, etc.


10.  If MCGM's own spaces are not kept clean, then it too should pay a fine which will go the nearby ALMs.



E. Councillor's responsibility:


1. If a Councillor area is not kept clean enough (to define), Rs. 5 lakhs from the Councillor's budget to be distributed to the various ALMs, etc.



 F. Penalties / Fines:  (Schedule will be circulated soon)

    1. Contravention of these Rules will attract a fine as specified in the Schedule of fines.
    2.  This Schedule of Fines lists the various types of contraventions (such as littering, or non-segregation, or burning of waste), as well as the types of offenders. (such as individual, group, Government agency, etc)

    3. The Schedule of Fines also factors in a “familiarisation / warning period” for the understanding / implementation of these Rules; in the “Familiarization Period, the Fine for contravention is half the actual amount or nil.

    4. The Schedule of Fines also lists the fine to be charged for repeated offenders, on a daily basis.  

It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself. --Charles Dudley Warner