On publication of this Notice,
every person or persons in the City of
shall adhere to and comply with the herein below stated
guidelines shall be known as Municipal Solid Wastes (Prohibition
of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and
Collection) Guidelines 2005.
STATEMENTS AND OBJECTS
Every citizen bears a solemn
responsibility to protect and preserve the environment so that the
same is sustained for present and future generations and
therefore, the Constitution of India, as a part of every
citizen’s fundamental duties, mandates that it shall be the duty
of the every citizen to protect and improve his environment.
Municipal Corporation of
Brihan Mumbai has been endeavoring to ensure a clean and healthy
environment for the citizens of Mumbai. However, public apathy
towards littering, segregation, proper storage, delivery and
collection of Municipal Solid Waste has made management of the
same a difficult task though Solid Waste Management is an
obligatory function of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
and has to be done in accordance with the Municipal Solid Wastes
(Management and Handling) Rules 2000 framed under the Environment
(Protection) Act 1986.
Municipal Solid Wastes
(Management and Handling) Rules 2000 prohibit littering of
Municipal Solid Waste and mandate that it shall be the
responsibility of the generator of wastes to avoid littering and
ensure delivery of wastes in accordance with the segregation and
collection system to be notified by the Municipal Authority.
In order to achieve the
mandate of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling)
Rules 2000, the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai has framed
the following guidelines to be known as The Municipal
Corporation of Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of
Littering, and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and
Collection) Guidelines 2005 under Section 368 of the
Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act 1888, which is hereby notified.
The Municipal Corporation of
Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and
Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection)
The Municipal Corporation of
Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and
Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection)
Guidelines 2005 are framed so as to achieve the mandate of the
Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 under
Section 368 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation act 1888.
Title and Commencement:
Guidelines shall be referred to as the Municipal Solid Waste
(Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage,
Delivery and Collection) Guidelines 2005.
Guidelines shall come into force on the day of its publication in
the newspapers. Copies
of these Guidelines would be made available in the Ward Offices of
the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai as well as on its
web-site at www.mcgm.gov.in
Application of the Guidelines:
These Guidelines shall apply
to every public place within the limits of Municipal Corporation
of Brihan Mumbai and to every premises within the limits of
Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai under the ownership or
occupation of any person or persons, such premises being used
either for residential, commercial, government or institutional
use and shall include a workshop, temporary work or storage site,
shed, warehouse, community hall, market, marriage hall or kalyan
mandap and premises used for undertaking any business or trade of
whatsoever nature be it a office, shop, factory, garage, hotel or
restaurant and shall include permanent or temporary stalls and
street vendors of any kind who generate Municipal Solid Waste as
well as gardens which also generate Municipal Solid Waste.
The words and phrases used in these guidelines
shall have the following meaning given herein below:-
(a) "Composting" shall mean a
controlled process involving microbial decomposition of organic
mean any Municipal Solid Waste placed or thrown in any public
place contrary to and in contravention of what is stated in these
(c)"Littering " shall mean throwing or placing any Municipal Solid Waste contrary to
and in contravention of what is stated in these Guidelines.
Commissioner" shall mean the Municipal
Commissioner of Brihan Mumbai.
Corporation" shall mean the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai and where the
context requires, its agents.
(f) "Municipal Solid Waste" shall
mean any waste generated in any premises and / or as a result of
any activity either in solid or semi-solid form excluding
hazardous, untreated bio-medical wastes and construction,
demolition and desilting waste is categorized as organic wastes or
inorganic wastes. Inorganic
wastes shall include recyclable and non-recyclable inorganic
waste. Explanation - The above definition shall include wastes
generated from maintenance of gardens and trimming of trees.
(g) "Owner" shall mean
the person or persons who receives the rent for any premises or
land or part thereof let or intended to be let or occupied
separately or who will be entitled to receive the rent thereof if
the building or land or part thereof were let and includes an
agent or trustee who receives such rent or a receiver or a manager
who exercises the rights of a owner of any building, or land or
part thereof or a mortgagee in possession
includes any person who for the time being is paying or is liable
to pay to the owner the rent or any portion of the rent of the
land or building in respect of which such rent is paid or is
payable, or an owner in occupation of, or otherwise using, any
land or building or part thereof, or a rent free tenant of any
land or building or part thereof, or a licensee or lessee in
occupation of any land or building or part thereof, and any person
who is liable to pay to the owner damages for the use and
occupation of any land or building or part thereof. It also
includes any person who has, for the time being, been allowed to
enclose any portion of a public road, erect any structure on it or
place any article or material on it for any purpose whatsoever.
(i) "Person" shall mean
any person or persons and shall include any firm or company or
association or body of individual whether incorporated or not and
(j) "Premises" includes
buildings, tenements in a building, house, out house, stable,
shed, hut, messuages, and any other structure whether of masonry,
brick, mud, wood, metal or any other material whatsoever and lands
of any tenure whether open or enclosed whether built upon or not.
It also includes any portion of a public road that maybe used for
parking of vehicles, street vending, as a temporary storage or
work site or for any other purpose whatsoever that the Municipal
Corporation may permit.
(k) "Public Place" includes any
road, arch road, via duct, lane, footway, alley or passage,
highway, causeway, bridge, square alley, passage whether a
thoroughfare or not over which the public have a right of passage,
house gullies, open drains and such places where the general
public has an access such as parks, gardens, recreation grounds,
playgrounds, beaches, water bodies, water courses, public plazas
and promenades, Government and Municipal Hospitals, Maternity
Homes and Dispensaries, Government and Municipal offices,
Municipal Markets and Slaughter Houses, Courts, etc.
(l) "Recyclable" means the
process of transforming segregated recyclable inorganic wastes
into raw materials for producing new products, which may or may
not be similar to the original products.
(m) "Schedule" means a
schedule appended to these guidelines.
(n) "Segregation" means
to separate Municipal Solid Wastes into organic, inorganic
recyclable and inorganic non-recyclable waste.
(o) "Storage" means
temporary containment of Municipal Solid Wastes.
Words and Expressions used
in these Guidelines but not defined shall have the meanings
respectively assigned to them in the Municipal Corporation of
Mumbai Act, 1988 or the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and
Handling) Rules 2000.
4. Prohibition of
(a) On and after the date of publication
of these Guidelines in the newspapers, no person shall throw,
place or cause to be thrown or place any Municipal Solid Waste
upon or in any public place except in a dustbin, litterbin or
waste collection bin which may have been placed for this purpose
by the Municipal Corporation, any person required to do so by the
Municipal Commissioner or any other authority which may be
responsible for the same.
(b) On and after the date on which these Guidelines are published in
the newspapers every person shall ensure that there is no litter
at any time in on any adjacent public road from which there is
access to any premises owned or occupied by him up-to the kerb-side
of the road and open storm water drains, if any. Street Vendors,
occupiers of shops and other establishments including 'Pay and
Park' agents shall be held responsible for littering by their
customers and clients. Adequate number and size of litter bins
shall be provided and the area up-to and including the kerb-side
and open storm water drain , if any, should be kept clean at all
times by frequent sweeping and mopping.
Explanation: In case of any litter found in any public place in front
of or adjacent to any premises it will be the onus of the persons
owning or occupying the concerned premises to prove that the
littering has not been done or caused by such persons or their
agents, customers or clients.
5. Segregation, storage, delivery and collection of Municipal Solid
and after the date of publication of these Guidelines in the
newspapers, any Municipal Solid Waste of different categories as
specified in Schedule I , generated in any premises in
Brihan Mumbai shall be segregated, stored in containers, which
shall meet the specifications and standards as specified in Schedule
II and delivered separately
in accordance with the procedure laid down in Schedule III
by the occupier of the premises unless any owner / occupier or
class of owners / occupiers and / or category / sub-category of
Municipal Solid Wastes is specifically exempted by the Municipal
Commissioner or specifically covered by any other Rules and / or
Guidelines, which exist or may be issued from time to time under
the Environment Protection Act 1986 and / or the MMC Act, such as
Hazardous Wastes, Bio-medical Wastes, Electronic Wastes,
Construction and Demolition wastes, etc.
Penalty for contravention of these Guidelines: -
On and after the date of publication of these Guidelines in the
newspapers, whoever contravenes these Guidelines shall, on
conviction, be punishable with fine which may extend to Rs.
1,000/- (Rupees One Thousand Only) and in case of a continuing
breach with fine which may extend to Rs. 100/- (Rupees One Hundred
Only) for every day during which the breach continues after
conviction of the first breach or after receipt of written notice
from the Municipal Commissioner to discontinue the breach.
SCHEDULE - I
Municipal Solid Wastes shall be segregated into the following groups:
( non biodegradable waste )
Non Biodegradable Waste
Others (Non-recyclable Waste)
Fertilizers and pesticide containers
Organic and inorganic
wastes shall be stored in separate containers in sanitary
conditions within the premises in which they are gene rated.
Capacity of the containers should be such as to hold all the
Municipal Solid Waste generated daily in the premises in a
sanitary manner for one week at least.
The containers shall be either in the form of wheeled bins
with lids which can be lifted by garbage collection vehicles
mechanically, other types of bins which can be easily emptied into
the collection vehicles manually or bags which can be deposited in
the vehicles or at the waste collection centre bins manually.
specifications: Wheeled bins have to adhere to EN-840-1
standards to ensure compatibility with mechanized lifting
arrangements of compactors and mini-compactors.
HDPE in case of wheeled bins; HDPE or LDPE in case of other bins,
bio-degradable materials in case of bags used to store and deliver
inorganic wastes and any permitted recyclable material in case of
bags used to store and deliver inorganic wastes.
bins should have proper HDPE lids.
Translucent bags should be used to store and deliver
inorganic wastes as far as possible.
of wheeled bins: 120 L or 240 L.
Bins without wheels can be used provided the weight of the
garbage is less than 10 Kgs.
Standards: Wheeled bins shall be tested as per EN-840,5
Wheeled bins shall have at least 2 wheels for ease of movement
of refuse: Wheeled bins shall be designed to suit a density of
refuse as 0. kg/m^2.
: List of
manufacturers / suppliers registered with the M.C.G.M. for supply
of wheeled bins or different capacities with the specifications
given above is available in the Ward offices of the Municipal
Corporation and the web site of the Municipal Corporation at www.mcgm.gov.in.
SCHEDULE - III
and collection of segregated Municipal Solid Wastes .
Organic (Biodegradable) Municipal Solid Wastes shall be used for
composting in the premises where such waste is generated as far as
guidelines for composting such Municipal Solid Wastes are given in
Schedule IV. Composting
can also be carried out through any other method involving the use
of earth-worms (Vermi Composting) or bio-cultures.
(Biodegradable) waste, which cannot be used for composting within
the premises, shall be delivered to the vehicle provided for
collection of organic (wet) wastes every day at fixed times for
different localities or to the collection centre provided by the
Municipal Corporation for collection of Organic (wet) Wastes from
owners and occupiers of premises in the neighbourhood concerned
during fixed times everyday. The
organic (wet) wastes collection centre may be in the form of a
bin, a group of bins, a stationary vehicle, a stationary compactor
or any premises assigned by the Municipal Corporation for
composting or bio-methanation.
Municipal Solid Wastes shall be delivered any scrap dealer,
recycler, rag pickers' association or any other entity licensed or
registered by concerned Ward office of
the Municipal Corporation for trading in waste materials
,to any neighbourhood Dry Waste Collection centre operated by the
Municipal Corporation or to the Dry Waste collection vehicle to be
provided once a week by the Municipal Corporation on demand from
waste generators. A
list of registered / licensed scrap dealers, recyclers and
rag-pickers’ associations etc will be available in the
respective Ward offices of the Municipal Corporation.
SCHEDULE - IV
(As per MPCB Guidelines)
Composting guidelines :
Composting is a natural controlled process of
decomposition of organic material by microorganisms into a useful
product. Generators can make their own supply of compost in
their own yard using waste material that would otherwise be thrown
away. Composting of kitchen and yard wastes at the household and
community level should be encouraged.
Composting is a relatively simple process that can
reduce the amount of waste material going to Municipal Solid Waste
disposal facilities. At the same time, finished compost can be
used to improve soil texture, increase the ability of soil to
absorb water and air, suppress weed growth, decrease erosion, and
reduce the need for commercial soil additives / fertilizers.
Waste ingredients used in the composting
treatment are listed in the Table given below.
Dry Leaves & Twigs
Dry Plant & Grass
Paper towels, Plates
Grass & Plant
Coffee Grounds &
Used Tea Powder/leaves
A good mix consists of three parts
one part "greens".
Moisture: Composting materials should feel moist
but not overly soggy.
Temperature: Compost should feel warm to the touch
except in the cold winter months.
Air: To prevent unpleasant odors that can occur
when materials decompose without oxygen, compost should be turned
regularly to ensure that air is reaching the center of the pile.
A 4 x 4 x 4-foot area out of direct sunlight is
ideal for your compost pile. Choose an easily accessible spot on a
grass or soil base. Composting can begin any time of the year, but
many people start in the fall when leaves are abundant.
Organic materials should be mixed, adding water as
needed so that the materials feel like a moist, wrung-out sponge.
The compost pile should be turned after a few weeks so that the
outside layers are exchanged with the center of the pile. Turn
compost piles about once a month, except in cold winter
conditions. Water can be added during turning, if necessary.
Do not compost the following:
Diseased plants or leaves
Human or pet feces
Meat, dairy products and
kitchen vegetables cooked with animal fats.
Plants that have gone to seed
Compost is ready to be used when it looks dark and
crumbly and none of the starting ingredients are visible. One way
to test if your compost is finished is to seal a small sample in a
plastic bag for 24 to 48 hours. If no strong odors are released
when you open the bag, the compost is done.
Compost can be applied directly around the base of
trees and shrubs to serve as a mulch. It also can be worked into
the top six to eight inches of the soil to provide increased water
retention and valuable nutrients.
Choose a "pot" for baking your compost. Any type of
composting bin will do.
kitchen or yard wastes into the composting bin. Chop or shred the
organic materials if you want them to compost quickly.
soil or "already done" compost over the compost pile.
This layer contains the microorganisms and soil animals that do
the work of making the compost. It also helps keep the surface
from drying out.
Adjust the moisture in your compost
pile. Add dry straw or sawdust to soggy materials, or add water to
a pile that is too dry. The materials should be damp to the touch,
but not so wet that drops come out when you squeeze it.
Allow the pile to
"bake." It should heat up quickly and reach the desired
temperature (90° to 140°F, or 32° to 60°C) in four to five
Stir your compost as it bakes if you want to speed
up the baking time.
The pile will settle down from its original
height. This is a good sign that the compost is baking properly.
If you mix or turn your compost pile every week,
it should be "done," or ready to use, in one to two
months. If you don't turn it, the compost should be ready in about
six to twelve months. Your "compost" should look like
dark crumbly soil mixed with small pieces of organic material. It
should have a sweet, earthy smell.
Feed compost to plants by mixing it with the soil.
Other methods of composting:
Composting with the aid of earth worms (Vermi-composting)
and composting with the aid of bio-cultures can also be done.
Lists of firms / N.G.Os., who can provide assistance for
this purpose is available at the Ward Offices of the Municipal
Corporation and on the web site of the M.C.G.M. at www.mcgm.gov.in.
MEETING REGARDING CLEANLINESS DRIVE
Approval of draft guidelines for prohibition of
littering and segregation.
Plan for replacement of public waste, collection
points on selected roads by house to house collection.
Installation of litter bins and arrangement for
night sweeping / mopping and manning of selected roads.
Permission for excavation to be given only by
concerned Addl. Commissioner
on selected roads.
Plan for enforcement against littering, dumping of
debris, unbarricated excavation sites, etc. with the
help of shop inspectors, licence inspectors, enforcement squads,
security personnel and N.Ds.
Publicity to the cleanliness drive through
newspapers and other media.