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  Home >> Cleanliness >> Mumbai demands SAFE NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD!


Mumbai today…One major issue


Current market realities…

         Live birds are “fresh” – misconception

         “Wet market” – Hand-processed birds account for 95% of chicken sale

         No price-control

         No documentation

        therefore, no traceability, no accountability  

Current Problems with “Wet” Market… (please please ask me for pictures)

       Crude method of processing the bird

    Scientific slaughtering process is not followed

    Too much blood in the carcass

    incomplete draining of blood

    Meat hardening/blackening due to pitting against the drum used

    Primitive and crude de-feathering and de-beaking techniques

    Abysmal quality of water used

    contaminated water used over and over again

    quality of water used may not always be potable

       Multiple handling of meat by human hands

       Chopping knife not sterilized…

       Cross-contamination on the killing table – piece de la resistance! 

    wooden block used for chopping

    not cleaned after every slaughter

    bacterial cross contamination – chicken, meat, fish – chopped 

    Flies and other insects jumping from the freshly chopped meat to the drum in which the blood is being drained to other meats / garbage dumps located nearby!

    Contamination particles of wood are embedded in the chopping and scooping of meat (kheema…?)

      No chilling after de-feathering resulting in immediate bacterial attack

   defeathering done manually

      Viscera of the chicken, cleaned manually

      ‘Partial cooking’ of meat during de-feathering

   excessively high temperature of water used

   Contaminated and same hot water recycled 

      Poor quality of meat due to rigor mortis (spasmatic contraction of muscles due to shock)

       Personal hygiene of the shopkeeper and the shop area and the environment

    What about helpers (generally young children who have running noses, or even adults who cough and sneeze when doing their jobs….straight onto the meat?)

    no safety measures

    no hand gloves

       No safety measures with regards to equipment used & processes followed

       Lengthy farm-to-slaughter time leading to dehydration

    cause for shriveled meat and death   

Meat Markets in ‘aamchi’ Mumbai

Transportation of ‘Live’ birds – Issues…

      Inhuman conditions

      Difficult transport and cruel storage of live birds

      Improper ventilation as density of birds per sq.ft. abnormally high

      Dirty trucks; seldom sanitized

      Contamination from air and vehicle pollution

      Spreading microorganisms / chicken droppings / feed / feathers while moving in the city

      Trucks parked next to refuse / garbage dumps

   birds contract illnesses or be susceptible to bites from rodents thereby turning carriers of diseases

      Pollution of the environment

      Increased traffic congestion  

Issues the Government should worry about…

      National Health

   Readily available Quality Food (raw & cooked)

   Environmental cleanliness


   Ecological preservation

   Consumer Awareness / education programmes

      Proper and Adequate Solid Waste Disposal system

      Cleaner & pleasant city to live in and for business visitors

      Consumer’s right to know what “is ingested”  

Waste Disposal – Horror of it All!!

      Slaughter waste generated per day is about 149 tons

   Cost of disposal, high

   Comprises feathers of chicken, bones, offal / guts and the blood

   Indiscriminately disposed into our sewerage system daily

   Putrefaction results in generation of poisonous gases

   our sewerage lines have turned into gas chambers that could explode anytime, emitting gases which could kill people  

Waste Disposal – Horror of it All!!

    Organic waste host to innumerable disease carrying bacteria, viruses, etc.

    Attracts rodents and other scavengers who grow on this waste  

    Rodents in turn damage pipelines, at the cost to the taxpayer

       Organic waste when putrefied becomes host to innumerable disease carrying bacteria and other microorganisms, etc. 

    Hence, any kind of slaughter is banned in ALL of the Metropolises of developed countries  

Waste Disposal – Horror of it All!!

       Currently, BMC garbage trucks pick-up this kind of wet garbage from the markets / shops 

    How is this waste disposed?

    Wastage includes offals, feathers, blood, some carcass and bones

    Offal consist mainly poultry manure, which generate corrosive ammonia gas and also some biogases after putrefaction

    Lethal combination, especially in old, corroded sewage lines

    Sewage lines a time bomb, waiting to explode!

    Consequences far too horrendous to contemplate given the population density of this city

    In Mumbai, the whole system – administrative, civic and health – would COLLAPSE!  

Waste Disposal – Horror of it All!!

      Can we draw a correlation between rise in scavengers – rodents, cats, stray dogs, fleas, cockroaches and other unmentionables due to improper disposal?

      Disposal does not end with ‘dumping’

   in the sea or elsewhere

    if it’s the sea, what about effect on marine life, both flora and fauna?  

Impact on Health….

          325,000 cases of food borne illnesses

         5,000 reported deaths per annum

         Gastro-intestinal disorders, kidney failures, double vision, difficulty in swallowing, impaired speech & weakness

         Food poisoning

         Skin nodules, fever, sore throat, difficulty in vision, pneumonia*

         Arthritis, meningitis, conjunctivitis

         Headaches, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, nausea  

Environmental hazards…

      Poultry manure in pipelines lines is destructive

   contains nitrogen and phosphorus, which harms waterways

    causing excess algae, oxygen depletion

    degradation of aquatic ecosystems in a process called "eutrophication".

      Contaminates our seas causing ecological damage & environmental imbalances

      Other concerns as mentioned in “Issues of transportation”




      Prohibit Slaughter within BMC limits

   Set up 3 markets for slaughter of poultry at 3 entry points – Vashi, Thane, Dahisar 

      Link each market to a Rendering Plant

   RP will recycle poultry waste into valuable additive for animal feed or organic fertilizer

      Ban the carriage of live birds and other small animals within the metropolis limits


Recommendation I…..

       Delhi Municipal Corporation’s Rules and Regulations of 1957 were suitably amended in 1993 to prevent the slaughter of chicken and any small animal within its jurisdiction

    Chapter 20, Clause 415 specifically deals with this. The slaughter of chicken happens specifically outside the municipal limits and one hears there is a proposal to set up a Rendering Plant on a BOT basis. (In keeping with this move, the Delhi Municipal Commissioner has already issued an advertisement in the newspapers inviting bids from private parties)

      BMC must also emulate the same for the betterment of this metropolis  


Recommendation II…..

      Delhi Municipal Corporation prevents vehicles carrying poultry within its jurisdiction

      BMC must prevent vehicles carrying SMALL animals (chicken) within its jurisdiction

  Large animals (equines) necessary for the Derby


Recommendation III…..

      BMC facilitates to set up designated marketplaces for the slaughter of small animals

      At the three entry points…..Vashi, Thane and Dahisar.


Recommendation IV…..

       Delhi Municipal Corporation is setting up Rendering Plants just outside its limits to recycle animal waste into valuable by-products

      BMC should set up 3 Rendering Plants at 3 entry points into the city to offer an effective solution to solid animal wastes

   Generate value added by-products & organic fertilizer


Recommendation V…..

      BMC / Govt. must appoint HEALTH INSPECTORS / VETERINARIANS  at the slaughter facility to ensure that health and hygiene measures are complied with

      Increased consumer awareness and government mandated standards must be introduced and enforced


Benefits of Slaughter facilities to BMC:

       Central collection of wastes and hence multiple benefits –

    Protects citizens from pollution (visual apart from the malodor and the subsequent effects of improper solid waste disposal)

    Optimizes the efficiency of resources in collection of solid wastes

    Solid waste can be piped to rendering plants

    income-generating opportunity for people

    in addition to providing effective recycling into a value product (animal feed or organic fertilizer)

       The municipal body can earn revenue through the levy on slaughtered chicken 


Benefits of Slaughter facilities To the farmer –

   Cost of transporting live birds will drop as distance to slaughter house / outlet lessens

   Weight of the bird through moisture loss does not drop as farm-to- slaughter time is reduced

   Consequently, less DOAs i.e., ‘death on arrival’ of chicken due to reduced stress

   Regularising of rate of live chicken, ex-farm


Benefits of Slaughter facilities to shops:

      Existing shop-owners to use their outlets to sell processed chicken

·        Singapore has made it compulsory overnight to install chillers at the outlets to avoid temperature abuse  

Benefits of Slaughter facilities….

       Cost of construction of the slaughter facility to be recovered through the levy on the number of birds slaughtered or weight / tonnage of the meat that is being transported into the city from these facilities

    slaughtered chicken gets transported in a packaged form and in ice

    Supplementary growth in ice manufacturing facilities & other related businesses

    Employment opportunities for so many retrenched & VRS recipients

    Carries the name of the trader

    Documentation, Accounting and Traceability made possible

By: Vinay Adhye...9892555595

Dealer of Processed Chicken

It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself. --Charles Dudley Warner