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  Home >> Cleanliness >> MCGM Bye laws on Segregation – with suggested changes/comments 


 MCGM Bye laws on Segregation – with suggested changes/comments
  Comparison with Policy Framework Guidelines submitted by NGO Council 
   

NOTICE

On publication of this Notice, every person or persons in the City of Mumbai shall adhere to and comply with the herein below stated guidelines.  These guidelines shall be known as Municipal Solid Wastes (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Guidelines 2005.  

STATEMENTS AND OBJECTS  

Every citizen bears a solemn responsibility to protect and preserve the environment so that the same is sustained for present and future generations and therefore, the Constitution of India, as a part of every citizen’s fundamental duties, mandates that it shall be the duty of the every citizen to protect and improve his environment.   

Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai has been endeavoring to ensure a clean and healthy environment for the citizens of Mumbai. However, public apathy towards littering, segregation, proper storage, delivery and collection of Municipal Solid Waste has made management of the same a difficult task though Solid Waste Management is an obligatory function of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai and has to be done in accordance with the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 framed under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986.  

Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 prohibit littering of Municipal Solid Waste and mandate that it shall be the responsibility of the generator of wastes to avoid littering and ensure delivery of wastes in accordance with the segregation and collection system to be notified by the Municipal Authority.  

In order to achieve the mandate of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000, the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai has framed the following guidelines to be known as The Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering, and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Guidelines 2005 under Section 368 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act 1888, which is hereby notified.    

The Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Guidelines 2005.  

The Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Guidelines 2005 are framed so as to achieve the mandate of the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 under Section 368 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation act 1888.

(1)   Title and Commencement:

a.     These Guidelines shall be referred to as the Municipal Solid Waste (Prohibition of Littering and Regulation of Segregation, Storage, Delivery and Collection) Guidelines 2005.

b.     These Guidelines shall come into force on the day of its publication in the newspapers.  Copies of these Guidelines would be made available in the Ward Offices of the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai as well as on its web-site at www.mcgm.gov.in

(2)   Application of the Guidelines:

                  These Guidelines shall apply to every public place within the limits of Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai and to every premises within the limits of Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai under the ownership or occupation of any person or persons, such premises being used either for residential, commercial, government or institutional use and shall include a workshop, temporary work or storage site, shed, warehouse, community hall, market, marriage hall or kalyan mandap and premises used for undertaking any business or trade of whatsoever nature be it a office, shop, factory, garage, hotel or restaurant and shall include permanent or temporary stalls and street vendors of any kind who generate Municipal Solid Waste as well as gardens which also generate Municipal Solid Waste.

         (3)           Definitions:

The words and phrases used in these guidelines shall have the following meaning given herein below: -

(a) "Composting" shall mean a controlled process involving microbial decomposition of organic matter.

(b)   "Litter" shall mean any Municipal Solid Waste placed or thrown in any public place contrary to and in contravention of what is stated in these Guidelines.

(c)"Littering " shall mean throwing or placing any Municipal Solid Waste contrary to and in contravention of what is stated in these Guidelines.

(d) "Municipal Commissioner" shall mean the Municipal Commissioner of Brihan Mumbai.

(e)   "Municipal Corporation" shall mean the Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai and where the context requires, its agents.

         (f)            "Municipal Solid Waste" shall mean any waste generated in any premises and / or as a result of any activity either in solid or semi-solid form excluding hazardous, untreated bio-medical wastes and construction, demolition and desilting waste is categorized as organic wastes or inorganic wastes.  Inorganic wastes shall include recyclable and non-recyclable inorganic waste. Explanation - The above definition shall include wastes generated from maintenance of gardens and trimming of trees.

(g)   "Owner" shall mean the person or persons who receives the rent for any premises or land or part thereof let or intended to be let or occupied separately or who will be entitled to receive the rent thereof if the building or land or part thereof were let and includes an agent or trustee who receives such rent or a receiver or a manager who exercises the rights of a owner of any building, or land or part thereof or a mortgagee in possession

(h)   "Occupier" includes any person who for the time being is paying or is liable to pay to the owner the rent or any portion of the rent of the land or building in respect of which such rent is paid or is payable, or an owner in occupation of, or otherwise using, any land or building or part thereof, or a rent free tenant of any land or building or part thereof, or a licensee or lessee in occupation of any land or building or part thereof, and any person who is liable to pay to the owner damages for the use and occupation of any land or building or part thereof. It also includes any person who has, for the time being, been allowed to enclose any portion of a public road, erect any structure on it or place any article or material on it for any purpose whatsoever.

(i)    "Person" shall mean any person or persons and shall include any firm or company or association or body of individual whether incorporated or not and their agents.

(j)    "Premises" includes buildings, tenements in a building, house, out house, stable, shed, hut, messuages, and any other structure whether of masonry, brick, mud, wood, metal or any other material whatsoever and lands of any tenure whether open or enclosed whether built upon or not. It also includes any portion of a public road that maybe used for parking of vehicles, street vending, as a temporary storage or work site or for any other purpose whatsoever that the Municipal Corporation may permit.

(k)   "Public Place" includes any road, arch road, via duct, lane, footway, alley or passage, highway, causeway, bridge, square alley, passage whether a thoroughfare or not over which the public have a right of passage, house gullies, open drains and such places where the general public has an access such as parks, gardens, recreation grounds, playgrounds, beaches, water bodies, water courses, public plazas and promenades, Government and Municipal Hospitals, Maternity Homes and Dispensaries, Government and Municipal offices, Municipal Markets and Slaughter Houses, Courts, etc.

         (l)            "Recyclable" means the process of transforming segregated recyclable inorganic wastes into raw materials for producing new products, which may or may not be similar to the original products.

(m) "Schedule" means a schedule appended to these guidelines.

(n)   "Segregation" means to separate Municipal Solid Wastes into organic, inorganic recyclable and inorganic non-recyclable waste.

(o)   "Storage" means temporary containment of Municipal Solid Wastes.

 Words and Expressions used in these Guidelines but not defined shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Municipal Corporation of Mumbai Act, 1988 or the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 2000.
No changes required
 

4.  Prohibition of littering: -

(a) On and after the date of publication of these Guidelines in the newspapers, no person shall throw, place or cause to be thrown or place any Municipal Solid Waste upon or in any public place except in a dustbin, litterbin or waste collection bin which may have been placed for this purpose by the Municipal Corporation, any person required to do so by the Municipal Commissioner or any other authority which may be responsible for the same.

(b) On and after the date on which these Guidelines are published in the newspapers every person shall ensure that there is no litter at any time in on any adjacent public road from which there is access to any premises owned or occupied by him up-to the kerb-side of the road and open storm water drains, if any. Street Vendors, occupiers of shops and other establishments including 'Pay and Park' agents shall be held responsible for littering by their customers and clients. Adequate number and size of litter bins shall be provided and the area up-to and including the kerb-side and open storm water drain , if any, should be kept clean at all times by frequent sweeping and mopping.

Explanation: In case of any litter found in any public place in front of or adjacent to any premises it will be the onus of the persons owning or occupying the concerned premises to prove that the littering has not been done or caused by such persons or their agents, customers or clients
Include plan for segregation of the contents of litter bins – link up with rag-pickers for this activity.

5. Segregation, storage, delivery and collection of Municipal Solid Wastes  

(1)                On and after the date of publication of these Guidelines in the newspapers, any Municipal Solid Waste of different categories as specified in Schedule I , generated in any premises in Brihan Mumbai shall be segregated, stored in containers, which shall meet the specifications and standards as specified in Schedule II and delivered  separately in accordance with the procedure laid down in  

Include plan for segregation of the contents of litter bins – link up with rag-pickers for this activity.  

Schedule III by the occupier of the premises unless any owner / occupier or class of owners / occupiers and / or category / sub-category of Municipal Solid Wastes is specifically exempted by the Municipal Commissioner or specifically covered by any other Rules and / or Guidelines, which exist or may be issued from time to time under the Environment Protection Act 1986 and / or the MMC Act, such as Hazardous Wastes, Bio-medical Wastes, Electronic Wastes, Construction and Demolition wastes, etc.
 

6.  Penalty for contravention of these Guidelines: -

On and after the date of publication of these Guidelines in the newspapers, whoever contravenes these Guidelines shall, on conviction, be punishable with fine which may extend to Rs. 1,000/- (Rupees One Thousand Only) and in case of a continuing breach with fine which may extend to Rs. 100/- (Rupees One Hundred Only) for every day during which the breach continues after conviction of the first breach or after receipt of written notice from the Municipal Commissioner to discontinue the breach.

Penalty is too minor – increase the penalty– for eg.: if restaurant is found breaking rules – licence can be revoked, housing societies can be fined a higher amount – individuals can be fined Rs.1000/-.  

Existing track record of nuisance detection is poor – so plan for scaling up of Nd’s and vigilante team.

SCHEDULE - I

  Municipal Solid Wastes shall be segregated into the following groups:

(a)     Organic (biodegradable) waste;

(b)     Inorganic ( non biodegradable waste )

 
 

Biodegradable Waste

Non Biodegradable Waste

Organic Waste

Recyclable Waste

Others (Non-recyclable Waste)

·         Kitchen

      Wastes

·         Tea Leaves

·         Egg Shells

·         Vegetables

·         Fruit and

      Vegetable

      peels

·         Meat

·         Bones

·         Flowers

·         Garden

      Wastes

·         House dust  after cleaning

 

·         Paper

·         Glass

·         Wires

·         Metal objects

·         Plastic

·         Metals

·         Rags

·         Leather

·         Rexine

·         Rubbers

·         Thermocole

·         Old medicines

·         Paints

·         Fluorescent tubes

·         Spray cans

·         Fertilizers and pesticide containers

·         Batteries

·         Shoe polish

·         Hospital waste

This list should be checked by those already practicing in the field  - whether all items are included, etc

 

Buy-back policy should be introduced to reduce volume and to check spurious goods

 

 

 

How does “meat” get treated? It’s a bit confusing to have it with the first list?

 

SCHEDULE -II  

Storage Guidelines:

                Organic and inorganic wastes shall be stored in separate containers in sanitary conditions within the premises in which they are gene rated. Capacity of the containers should be such as to hold all the Municipal Solid Waste generated daily in the premises in a sanitary manner for one week at least.  The containers shall be either in the form of wheeled bins with lids which can be lifted by garbage collection vehicles mechanically, other types of bins which can be easily emptied into the collection vehicles manually or bags which can be deposited in the vehicles or at the waste collection centre bins manually.

Specifications:

(Mandatory)

        General specifications: Wheeled bins have to adhere to EN-840-1 standards to ensure compatibility with mechanized lifting arrangements of compactors and mini-compactors. 

        Material: HDPE in case of wheeled bins; HDPE or LDPE in case of other bins, bio-degradable materials in case of bags used to store and deliver inorganic wastes and any permitted recyclable material in case of bags used to store and deliver inorganic wastes.  

        Wheeled bins should have proper HDPE lids.  Translucent bags should be used to store and deliver inorganic wastes as far as possible.

        Capacity of wheeled bins: 120 L or 240 L.  Bins without wheels can be used provided the weight of the garbage is less than 10 Kgs.

        Testing Standards: Wheeled bins shall be tested as per EN-840,5 standard

        Mobility: Wheeled bins shall have at least 2 wheels for ease of movement

        Density of refuse: Wheeled bins shall be designed to suit a density of refuse as 0. kg/m^2.

        Availability :  List of manufacturers / suppliers registered with the M.C.G.M. for supply of wheeled bins or different capacities with the specifications given above is available in the Ward offices of the Municipal Corporation and the web site of the Municipal Corporation at www.mcgm.gov.in.

Check these specifications with those NGO’s that have already had some experience.

 

Also the concept of house to house needs to be clarified – what about individual houses – with small bins, etc.

 

SCHEDULE - III  

Delivery and collection of segregated Municipal Solid Wastes .  

Organic (Biodegradable) Municipal Solid Wastes shall be used for composting in the premises where such waste is generated as far as possible.  The guidelines for composting such Municipal Solid Wastes are given in           Schedule IV.  Composting can also be carried out through any other method involving the use of earth-worms (Vermi Composting)  

Check these specifications with those NGO’s that have already had some experience.  

Also the concept of house to house needs to be clarified – what about individual houses – with small bins, etc.  

Mention list of sites in each ward for composting, where in-situ is a problem or bio-cultures. 

Organic (Biodegradable) waste, which cannot be used for composting within the premises, shall be delivered to the vehicle provided for collection of organic (wet) wastes every day at fixed times for different localities or to the collection centre(s) provided by the Municipal Corporation for collection of Organic (wet) Wastes from owners and occupiers of premises in the neighbourhood concerned during fixed times everyday.  The organic (wet) wastes collection centre may be in the form of a bin, a group of bins, a stationary vehicle, a stationary compactor or any premises assigned by the Municipal Corporation for composting or bio-methanation. 

Inorganic Municipal Solid Wastes shall be delivered to any scrap dealer, recycler, rag pickers' association or any other entity licensed or registered or approved by concerned Ward office of  the Municipal Corporation for trading in waste materials ,to any neighbourhood Dry Waste Collection centre operated by the Municipal Corporation or to the Dry Waste collection vehicle to be provided once a week by the Municipal Corporation on demand from waste generators.  A list of registered / licensed scrap dealers, recyclers and rag-pickers’ associations etc will be available in the respective Ward offices of the Municipal Corporation. and the web site of the Municipal Corporation at www.mcgm.gov.in.
Mention list of sites in each ward for composting, where in-situ is a problem

Only segregated Wet waste will be collected – at a high cost – and those who compost in-situ will get incentive.  

Bio-methanation need not be mentioned – any composting is to be permitted.  

Separate collection for hotels and markets  

Need to mention separate plan for debris – what is to be done with it and by whom?

SCHEDULE - IV

(As per MPCB Guidelines)  

Composting guidelines : Composting is a natural controlled process of decomposition of organic material by microorganisms into a useful product.  Generators can make their own supply of compost in their own yard using waste material that would otherwise be thrown away. Composting of kitchen and yard wastes at the household and community level should be encouraged.  

Composting is a relatively simple process that can reduce the amount of waste material going to Municipal Solid Waste disposal facilities. At the same time, finished compost can be used to improve soil texture, increase the ability of soil to absorb water and air, suppress weed growth, decrease erosion, and reduce the need for commercial soil additives / fertilizers.

Waste ingredients used in the composting treatment are listed in the Table given below.

Introduce Concept of kiosks/covered sheds for collection

Mention list of ward wise sorting sheds.  

Not mentioned non-recyclable waste – should MCGM should state clearly that no incineration is to be done.

Composting Ingredients

Browns

(Carbon)

Greens

(Nitrogen)

·         Dry Leaves & Twigs

·         Dry Plant & Grass Clipping

·         Hay

·         Non-recyclable Paper

·         Paper towels, Plates & Napkins

·         Grass & Plant Clippings

·         Fresh Landscape Trimmings

·         Vegetables

·         Fruit Peels

·         Coffee Grounds & Used Tea Powder/leaves

·         Egg Shells

·         Waste Food

 A good mix consists of three parts "browns"  and one part "greens".  

Moisture: Composting materials should feel moist but not overly soggy.

Temperature: Compost should feel warm to the touch except in the cold winter months.  

Air: To prevent unpleasant odours that can occur when materials decompose without oxygen, compost should be turned regularly to ensure that air is reaching the center of the pile.

This entire process detailed here is a bit alien to me – is it bio-methanation?

 

 

The vermi-composting method should also be detailed.

 

Yard Composting

A 4 x 4 x 4-foot area out of direct sunlight is ideal for your compost pile. Choose an easily accessible spot on a grass or soil base. Composting can begin any time of the year, but many people start in the fall when leaves are abundant.  

Organic materials should be mixed, adding water as needed so that the materials feel like a moist, wrung-out sponge. The compost pile should be turned after a few weeks so that the outside layers are exchanged with the center of the pile. Turn compost piles about once a month, except in cold winter conditions. Water can be added during turning, if necessary.  

Do not compost the following:

·         Diseased plants or leaves

·         Human or pet faeces

·         Meat, dairy products and kitchen vegetables cooked with animal fats. Plants that have gone to seed

Compost is ready to be used when it looks dark and crumbly and none of the starting ingredients are visible. One way to test if your compost is finished is to seal a small sample in a plastic bag for 24 to 48 hours. If no strong odors are released when you open the bag, the compost is done.  

Compost can be applied directly around the base of trees and shrubs to serve as a mulch. It also can be worked into the top six to eight inches of the soil to provide increased water retention and valuable nutrients.

I think this has been lifted from some “western model”

Home Composting

Choose a "pot" for baking your compost. Any type of composting bin will do.

Place kitchen or yard wastes into the composting bin. Chop or shred the organic materials if you want them to compost quickly.

Spread soil or "already done" compost over the compost pile. This layer contains the microorganisms and soil animals that do the work of making the compost. It also helps keep the surface from drying out.

Adjust the moisture in your compost pile. Add dry straw or sawdust to soggy materials, or add water to a pile that is too dry. The materials should be damp to the touch, but not so wet that drops come out when you squeeze it.

Allow the pile to "bake." It should heat up quickly and reach the desired temperature (90° to 140°F, or 32° to 60°C) in four to five days

Stir your compost as it bakes if you want to speed up the baking time.

The pile will settle down from its original height. This is a good sign that the compost is baking properly.  

If you mix or turn your compost pile every week, it should be "done," or ready to use, in one to two months. If you don't turn it, the compost should be ready in about six to twelve months. Your "compost" should look like dark crumbly soil mixed with small pieces of organic material. It should have a sweet, earthy smell.  

Feed compost to plants by mixing it with the soil.

Other methods of composting:

                Composting with the aid of earth worms (Vermi-composting) and composting with the aid of bio-cultures can also be done.  Lists of firms / N.G.Os., who can provide assistance for this purpose is available at the Ward Offices of the Municipal Corporation and on the web site of the M.C.G.M. at www.mcgm.gov.in.

This method is also very strange – again may be miomethanation.

 

Buy-back by MCGM is not mentioned – should be introduced with pricing.

Special guidelines for some areas are to be mentioned:

1) Beaches

2) Deonar abattoir

3) Tabelas – MCGM said Bye laws include tabelas – but no mention in this document

AGENDA FOR MEETING REGARDING CLEANLINESS DRIVE  

1)       Approval of draft guidelines for prohibition of littering and segregation.  

2)       Plan for replacement of public waste, collection points on selected roads by house to house collection.  

3)       Installation of litter bins and arrangement for night sweeping / mopping and manning of selected roads.  

4)       Permission for excavation to be given only by concerned                           Addl. Commissioner on selected roads.  

5)       Plan for enforcement against littering, dumping of debris, unbarricated excavation sites, etc. with the help of shop inspectors, licence inspectors, enforcement squads, security personnel and N.Ds.  

6)       Publicity to the cleanliness drive through newspapers and other media.

 

 

   

 

 














It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself. --Charles Dudley Warner