Do you have a problem with your
because it consists
of rotting organic matter.
is ugly' because we do not throw it properly in bins.
remains uncleared' because there is too much of it which even municipal
corporations can't get rid of.
gets strewn' because it contains useful material which people, animals
and birds want, and while looking for it, they scatter it.
pollutes because when burnt in the open, toxic fumes and smoke are
given off that cause respiratory disorders.
becomes a health hazard' Mien it is left to rot on streets and roads.
']'his breeds insects, rodents and bacteria that cause and spread
is waste that is generally thrown out of our homes, offices, parks,
shops, restaurants and small commercial establishments. In our country
it mostly consists of rotting vegetable and food matter, besides,
paper, plastic, glass, rubber, leather, coal, porcelain, metal,
rags, toxic material (batteries, pesticides, paints, broken tube
lights and chemicals), building material and soil.
is there so much of it all around?
of us have the habit of retaining packaging such as cardboard, glass,
metal or plastic containers for reuse in our homes and offices.
We also consciously put away things like newspaper, tins, glass
bottles and milk covers which can be sold to `raddiwalas'.
this laudable habit which reduces much of the garbage thrown, there
is still a lot of waste that reaches the roadside bin (each household
generates almost 1/2 to 1 kg. of garbage per day). With increasing
population the amount of waste generated has also increased so much
so that it cannot be easily disposed of by conventional methods
such as land-filling.
Before you Throw !
do we segregate?
four separate containers for DRY, WET TOXIC and SOILED wastes and
make a habit of dropping things into the appropriate containers.
waste : Scraps of paper, plastic, metal, glass pieces, rags,
rubber, leather, crockery and even some containers which are normally
not taken by the raddhiwalas, can all go into a white bag or bin,
used cardboard carton, sack or basket. This can be given to the
ragpicker once or twice a week.
waste : Kitchen
waste such as vegetable peels and remains of fruits, vegetables,
bone and meat can be fed to domestic animals or along with left
overs and rotten food, garden litter, hedge clippings and the like,
can be collected in green covered bins and composted in homes, schools,
gardens and parks or in neighborhood composting sites.
medicines which have not expired can be given to free clinics and
hospitals. However, unused toxic material such as expired medicines,
pesticides, chemicals, used batteries, tube lights etc., have to
be stored in black bags or bins and disposed off in a proper manner
with the help of the municipality or other government bodies.
Soiled and infected cotton, drips, injection syringes and needles,
diapers, sanitary napkins, dressings, used tissues and condoms should
be collected in red bins or bags tied at the mouth and left in the
corporation bin meant for safe disposal in sanitary landfills or
in those meant for collection by the common Biomedical Waste Treatment
can help save energy and resources!
of material is an important aspect that will definitely go a long
way in solving the garbage problem. Recycling refers to the process
by which material once used is used again to substitute for virgin
material. For example, we all know that paper is made from wood
pulp. To make I tone of paper, 17 trees need to be brought down.
However, if waste paper is remade into pulp and this pulp used to
substitute for part of the entire requirement of wood pulp in the
making of paper, it will save trees.
household garbage is recyclable. Paper, plastic, metal, glass and
rags can be reused in various manufacturing processes. Wet organic
kitchen waste can be used to generate compost rich in plant nutrients.
our country, most cities and towns have retailers and wholesalers
who buy recyclable material either directly from homes, shops, offices
and establishments like the raddiwalas or those who buy from
ragpickers who pick material from garbage dumps and roadside
bins. These materials are then sorted and sent to various small
and large industries which use them in varying proportions to substitute
for virgin material in the manufacture of articles.
has several benefits
reduces the amount of waste that reaches the roadside bin
reduces the amount of energy needed to make new products
reduces the requirement for virgin material
Recycle and Reduce Garbage !
can we reduce Garbage?
our homes, offices, shops...
us learn to reuse any material as much as possible before we throw
it. For instance, we could all save paper.
could write on both sides of a page or make a new note book from
unused sheets of old note books. Birthday cards and decorations
can be made from used cards, gift wrapping paper and sweet wrappers.
could carry our own cloth or jute bags when we go shopping. Plastic
cups and containers can be reused for keeping pins, pens and little
odd things which we require ever so often.
could enquire from shopkeepers, office equipment dealers and other
retail or wholesale dealers for schemes to exchange used containers,
cartridges etc. while purchasing new items.
could reduce consumption and wastage of chemicals such as acids
(to clean toilets), cleaning agents, polishing agents, and motor
oils. We could avoid using unnecessary and dangerous pesticides.
means separation and involves the separate collection of different
materials under previously determined categories. Segregation is
a very important activity that one must do before throwing out garbage.
Most household garbage contains many things that can be used. We
often render them totally useless by dumping them along with other
waste. We could make a beginning by segregating our garbage into
that which is useful and that which is totally useless.
from what we retain for re-use in our homes, offices, etc., selling
to the raddiwala, or returning to manufacturers, there are items
in the garbage, which are generally classified as `roadwaste'. These
are scraps of paper, plastic, metal, glass and rags which are eagerly
retrieved by the ragpickers. By doing this they are helping society
save raw material and energy and are also helping themselves. However,
they are unknowingly exposing themselves and others to dirt and
disease by scattering waste while looking for useful material in
avoid this we can segregate even roadwaste from our garbage and
hand it over to the ragpicker thus enabling him/her to earn his/her
livelihood in a safer and healthier manner while contributing to
saving our environment by recycling.
wastes from kitchens, gardens and dining tables are compostable.
Composting organic matter in pits or heaps or with earthworms reduces
the stink and helps us obtain a rich manure for our plants.
do we organize disposal of garbage?
Civic Forums of Residents of your neighborhood!
to each member how their wastes should be segregated. Seek the cooperation
of the Municipal Corporation, nearby tree bank/nursery or the Horticulture
department to give a small piece of land for setting up a neighborhood
composting site. Organize the ragpickers with the help of local
voluntary agencies to pick up segregated waste from house to house,
from shops, restaurants, offices, schools and other establishments
in your locality.
payment to the ragpickers from the residents, school authorities
and offices for rendering this service. Householders, office workers
and individuals should be motivated to segregate waste in the recommended
manner and the waste retrievers (ragpickers) should be trained to
collect them separately and dispose them in suitable places as explained
previously. The neighborhood composting site should be maintained
hygienically and the composted material should be distributed/sold
to interested persons and nurseries.
a little trouble
today to save
your children's tomorrow!
• Reduce your demands and wastage.
• Recycle and reuse things as much as possible.
• Think before you throw.
• Segregate what you throw.
for Environment Education, India
Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India (MoEF) with
the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) has started a project in
many small and big towns of India termed Eco-cities which are well
known pilgrimage or tourist destinations having large floating populations,
for proper and appropriate management of domestic and other urban
waste. This project called Achieving Action in Waste Management'
(AAWaM) hopes to not only achieve public participation in waste
management but also develop a methodology which can be spread throughout
the country to achieve cleaner cities and improved health conditions.
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), German Technical Cooperation
(GTZ) and Center for Environment Education (CEE) will be jointly
working on this project in the next one and half to two years. Adisory
Services in Environmental Management (ASEM), One World and the German
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development are also
important partners of the Eco-cities programme.