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  Home >> Cleanliness >> Do-ability of Proposed Anti-littering, etc Rules

 

DO-ABILITY  

Dec. 23nd: Discussion points for Do-ability of Proposed Anti-littering, etc Rules  

Thinking through the do-ability aspects is key. It is very easy to frame rules. If the rules are not implemented / enforced, they spoil the morale as well as increase corruption. Below is an attempt to think through the 'doability' aspects. Pl respond with your views. Thanks. Vinay 

As you read, do suggest regarding the following:

- do-ability

- enforceability

- infrastructure (hard and soft) requirements

- empowering and rewarding 'good' citizens / community groups

- avoiding new avenues for corruption e.g. levels of fines, ease of enforcement

- ensuring programs for awareness creation of all stakeholders 

 Common Support that MCGM will provide for each of the categories below::

1. cleanliness drives, awareness, and education programs

2. authority to Citizen Groups e.g. ALMs, RWAs, CBOs, etc. to collect admin charges from offenders

3. reports of Cleanliness Team will be acted upon

4. a response/complaint phone line, and a designated MCGM contact person

5. fines collected from an area will be used to beautify that area or to prompt clean-up on demand service

6. random/surprise enforcement drives along with CSOs & Councillors (all CSOs to be selected by MCGM-NGO Cleanliness Committee)

7. periodic recognition and rewards to citizens and bmc staff

8. effective system of ND’s. 

Littering: 

a) Rule: 

1. littering / throwing waste in any public space will be fined

2. if there is litter on footpath or in drain near any premise, that premise occupant will be fined.

3. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the litterer. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Reduced litter everywhere.

2. Certain litter-free zones 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports

3. periodic recognition and rewards to litter-free zone - rewards as saves cost of MCGM in keeping it clean. 

d) Fines:

1. different fines depending on whether litter-er is individual or an establishment, and whether first-time offence or repeat. 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. adequate number of  litter bins

2. cleanliness drives, awareness, and education programs

3. reports of Cleanliness Team will be acted upon

4. a complaint phone line, and a designated MCGM contact person

5. prompt litter removal service

6. fines collected from an area will be used to beautify that area (and not for running litter removal service)

7. random enforcement drives along with CSOs & Councillors (all CSOs to be selected by MCGM-NGO Cleanliness Committee) 

f) what will be done with the waste?

1. will be handed over to organized ragpickers’ organizations 


2. Throwing waste in water: 

a) Rule: 

1. throwing waste in any water body will be fined

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the person throwing waste. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Reduced garbage in water bodies

2. Certain garbage-free water bodies 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports

3. periodic recognition and rewards to garbage-free water bodies 

d) Fines:

1. different fines depending on whether litterer is individual or group 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:  

1. > adequate number of  litter bins and kalashes

2. > assurance / arrangement for treating religious contents appropriately -- preferably by a volunteering temple.

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  

f) what will be done with the waste?

  1. will be taken to landfill
  2. un-mixed puja waste will be composted at/near source of collection

3. Nuisance - spitting: 

a) Rule: 

1. spitting - esp. paan-spitting forbidden in public spaces

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the person spitting 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Reduced paan stains

2. All government buildings to be paan-stain free 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports

3. periodic recognition and awards to paan-stain free areas 

d) Fines:

1. Rs. 100 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. >clean-up service for stained areas when requested

 Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  


4. Bathing in public places: 

a) Rule: 

1. bathing in public spaces will be fined

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from person bathing (very prone to misuse) 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Reduced bathing in public spaces

2. Complete stoppage of bathing in certain public spaces 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports

3. periodic recognition and rewards to 'stopped-bathing' areas 

d) Fines:

1. Rs. 100 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

  1. >designated bathing areas / public baths and toilets

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support 


5. Urinating / Defecating in public spaces: 

a) Rule: 

1. urinating / etc. in public spaces will be fined

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the person urinating / etc. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Reduced public nuisance

2. Certain nuisance free areas 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports 

d) Fines:

1. Rs. 100 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > adequate number of  toilets

2. > prompt clean-up / disinfectant service

  Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  


6. Nuisance - feeding groups of birds and animals: 

a) Rule: 

1. those feeding in non-designated spaces will be fined

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the person doing so. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Reduced nuisance of left-over garbage in public spaces

2. Reduced nuisance of stray animals

3. Reduced asthmatic attacks by feeding of pigeons in morning / evening public walking areas

4. Systematic way of feeding birds and animals thus leading to their better care also 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Groups

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports

3. some cognisance of such demarcated areas 

d) Fines:

1. Rs. 100 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > adequate number of such feeding areas

2. > prompt clean-up service

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  


7. Washing vehicles: 

a) Rule: 

1. private vehicles, autorickshaws, taxis, two-wheelers, or any vehicle can not be washed in public spaces

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from those doing so. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. cleaner roads 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports 

d) Fines:

1. Rs. 200 / or Vehicle will be towed away 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

no special support

Points No. 1-7 of common support 


8. Washing Utensils/personal articles: 

a) Rule: 

1. washing utensils/personal articles in public spaces will be fined

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the person / eating place washing utensils. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Cleaner footpaths and roads

2. More hygienic food availability 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports 

d) Fines:

1. Rs. 100 or utensils/articles will be taken away 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

No special support

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  


9. Saaf Aangan: 

a) Rule: 

1. footpath / drain / gutter adjacent to any establishment to be kept clean by it

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the offending establishment. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Cleaner footpaths and roads

2. Less misuse of public spaces / property 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports 

d) Fines: 
1. 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > provide bell-ringing pick-up vehicles at appropriate times else where will shopkeepers deposit their daily waste?

2. > prompt fining

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support 


10. Segregation:  

a) Rule: 

1. all waste has to be compulsorily segregated into different categories (biodegradable, recyclable, non-recyclable, hazardous, etc.)

2. if a Citizen Group comes forward to take care of an area, they can collect admin charge from the offender. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. 100% segregation -- at least of biodegradable waste, construction waste, and other wastes.

2. Much lower amounts of waste going to landfill 

c) Incentives:

1. authority to Citizen Group

2. cognisance to Cleanliness Team's reports 

d) Fines:

1.  Rs. 1000 to Rs 5000  

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > separate pick-up vans for different waste types; different colours for such vans

2. > if MCGM staff mixes the segregated waste, they have to be punished

3. > responsibility of contractor to pick-up

4. > waste to be dealt with properly, evidence of that via photos, statistics, joint reviews with NGOs to be shared publicly.

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support 


11. Delivery upon bell ringing

a) Rule: 

1. all waste to be held with waste-generator or in designated containers till bell-ringing pick up vehicle comes 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. no waste in non-designated spots, and no overflow from such spots

2. cleaner city between pick-up times 

d) Fines:

1.  Transport contractor to be fined as per penalties in transport tender 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > pick-up at times as announced

2. > will fine transport contractors if not on time, do not pick-up, spill waste when picking-up and leave it uncleared

 Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  


12. Composting by bulk generators: 

a) Rule: 

1. all bulk generators of waste, and new constructions above certain sq.ft. size have to compost in their own sites

2. bio-methanation is also allowed. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. greatly reduced amount of waste going to landfills

2. greener city due to utilisation of the compost

3. smaller waste generators including individual households learn how easy composting is and start doing so voluntarily 

c) Incentives:

1. MCGM will pay composters on basis of transport savings made by MCGM

2. Trade refuse charges imposed on hotels and restaurants will be on basis of waste generated (instead of on grade of hotel)

3. MCGM will buy compost, if anyone wants to sell it to them. 

d) Fines:

1.  Rs. 500 to Rs. 2500 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > will not pick up biodegradable waste or unsegregated waste from such premises

2. > will fine transport contractors if not on time, do not pick-up, spill waste when picking-up and leave it uncleared

3. > will install and run bio-bins in all public parks, gardens, playgrounds, beaches, markets, large public spaces, etc. to create awareness to actually deal with waste generated nearby

 Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  

f) what will be done with the waste?

  1. Uncomposted bio-degradable waste taken to compost sites at land fill
  2. Recyclable waste – citizens to newtwork with rag pickers organizations
  3. Non-recyclable – (haz. And non-haz.) goes to land fill

13. Poultry, Fish & slaughter waste (i.e. non-household): 

a) Rule: 

1. all such generators to hold such waste in a separate container to be picked up by the wet waste van

2. abbatoirs, etc. to deal with waste as already specified under separate rules 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. all such waste treated hygienically, no leachate going into the soil or water.

2. less spread of diseases as less of such waste lying around 

c) Incentives:

1. if composted, then same as for composting. 

d) Fines:

1.  Rs. 500 to Rs. 3000 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > will make proper arrangements for treating such waste at landfills, etc.

2. > will provide evidence of that via photos, statistics, joint reviews with NGOs to be shared publicly.

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support  


14. Vendors / Hawkers: 

a) Rule: 

1. all vendors / hawkers (whether licensed or not) to carry own receptacles for keeping degradable and other waste separately.

2. all such waste to be deposited separately in the separate community bins at that market.

3. establishments whose adjacent footpaths such hawkers occupy will have to keep it clean as per 'Saaf Aangan' concept, or ensure that hawker is fined. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. no litter or garbage in major hawker concentration areas. 

d) Fines:

1.  Rs. 100 to Rs. 200 if not carrying own receptacle

2.  Rs. 250 to Rs. 500 if disposing waste in unsegregated manner 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > will make proper arrangements nearby for receiving such waste.

2. > will take stern action against individual hawkers and associations and markets where this is flouted.

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support

f) what will be done with the waste?

1. ragpickers to formally deal with the recyclable waste

2. MCGM to deal with the biodegradable, and other waste 


15. Slums: 

a) Rule: 

1)      occupants of slums responsible to keep that area clean

2)      No littering or creating nuisance outside geographic area of slum

3)      Delivery of segregated waste to manned community storage centre  

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1.      improved waste management and reduced visible waste in slums

2.      public areas around slums to be cleaner 

d) Fines:

Different fines as per the contravention applicable for littering, creating nuisance, etc  

 e) Support that MCGM will provide:

  1. >  MCGM to expand Dattak Vasti Yojana
  2. > MCGM to undertake Cleanliness Drives to service under-serviced areas

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support

f) what will be done with the waste?

As per the prescribed process 


16. Burning of waste: 

a) Rule: 

1. No waste to be burnt incl. leaves, tyres, etc. 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. citizens learn the benefit of using dry leaves as compost 

d) Fines:

1. Rs. 250 to Rs. 5000 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

Point Nos. 1-7 same as common support

f) what will be done with the waste?

 leaves to be composted, other combustible material to be  recycled. 


17. Exceptions: Festivals e.g. Diwali Firecrackers 

 a) Rule: 

Rule will be relaxed as specified by MCGM 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. prompt cleaning of extra litter after special events 

d) Fines:

1. Will be relaxed for a specified period (for littering only) 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. >  Increased infrastructure to promptly remove litter generated 

f) what will be done with the waste?

will be treated as per the prescribed process


18. Exceptions: Private events in public spaces e.g. Marathon , Morchas, Mumbai Festival 

a) Rule: 

1. Organiser responsible for area’s cleanliness – will pay a Cleanliness Deposit 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. Cleanliness of public areas even during large gatherings of people 

d) Fines:

1. Cleanliness Deposit that will be refunded after organizer cleans up area. 

e) Support that MCGM will provide:

1. > 

f) what will be done with the waste?

As per the prescribed process  


19. Exceptions: Public events in public spaces e.g.  New Year's Eve 

a) Rule: 

1. Special provisions for show-case areas 

b) Objectives at end of Year 1:

1. improved cleanliness in show-case areas 

d) Fines:

1. As per the schedule for different contraventions 

e) Support that MCGM will provide: 1. > 

f) what will be done with the waste?

1.  as per the prescribed process















It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself. --Charles Dudley Warner