Common Healthcare waste Appropriate Management Plant
Establishments Waste Management and Education Programme
- CHAMP at Gulbarga caters to all Healthcare Establishments (HCEs) of Gulbarga city and will extend its services to other HCEs in the district and neighbouring districts as well.
- The facility at present treats over 2 tonnes of biomedical waste per day from about 400 HCEs having over 2000 beds and also from 300 non-bedded establishments.
- The facility aims
at collection, transportation, storage, treatment and disposal of biomedical
waste from about 10,000 beds in the northern districts of Karnataka.
a) Two specially fabricated vehicles for the transportation of biomedical waste from the HCEs to the facility
b) On site cold storage facility for storing the bio medical waste in a safe manner before treatment
c) Treatment facilities like the Incinerator, two Modified Autoclaves, a Metal Sharps Manager and an ETP for treatment of waste water generated at the facility
d) Secured landfill, deep burial pits and composting pits for disposal of the waste after treatment
e) Eco friendly techniques like using wax coated paper bags for collection and treatment of soiled waste to facilitate its sterilization and composting, solar water heater and reuse of treated waste water for plantation at the site and sale of sterilized, cleaned and shredded waste for supplementing the system.
How CHAMP was achieved in Gulbarga
Following Committees were formed for HEWMEP Gulbarga with help from the District Administration, medical and paramedical establishments and the Government of Karnataka.
• District Implementation Committee headed by Divisional Commissioner, Gulbarga which further administered the
Treatment at the CHAMP Site at Gulbarga
Treatment at the CHAMP site, Gulbarga will be done as per the Schedule 1 &2 of Rule 5 of Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and subsequent amendments thereof taken along with CPCB guidelines.
To ensure the efficacy of the treatment, the project will aim at achieving 100 % segregation of waste at source i.e. at the HCEs and other medical and research establishments.
Details of the equipment, treatment and disposal
50 kg / hr capacity Incinerator at the CHAMP site
Incineration for treating
Treatment of Metal Sharps
in Metal Sharps Manager
is automatically fed into the shredder, which mechanically mutilates the
sterilized items of different categories into small unrecognizable pieces
while being washed with hot water from the solar water heater to ensure
shredding, cleaning to prevent re-infection and preventing particulate
Treatment of Metal Sharps
in Metal Sharps Manager
10 kgs / hr capacity Metal Sharps Manager for waste metal sharps
The containers fit snugly on top of a hopper in the metal sharps manager machine which is kept in the facility, wherein the metal sharps in the containers drop into the hopper and are mutilated and sterilized with dry heat in hot air oven at 164'C for one and half hours after which it is stored in puncture proof boxes before selling to recyclers.
Discarded Medicines, Cytotoxic Drugs and Incineration Ash
Category 5 comprises of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines and cytotoxics and they have to be disposed carefully in secured landfills.
Category 8 consists of liquid wastes, category 9 of incineration ash and category 10 of other chemical wastes. Category 9 and 10 have to be disposed safely in secured landfills and category 8 from the facility is treated in the ETP
The above-mentioned waste are segregated at source, stored and transported in black coloured plastic liners and disposed in the secured landfill constructed inside the facility for the said purpose as per the BMWM Rules, 1998.
Deep Burial at the CHAMP site
Deep Burial is the stand by option in case of failure of incinerator for Category 1 and 2 infectious waste. A deep burial pit as per BMWM Rules is constructed at the site for the above purpose and is used as stand by during breakdown or long duration maintenance of the incinerator.
Composting at the site
Category 3 and 6 waste consisting of soiled waste like bandages, cotton, swabs, plaster casts, microbiological waste etc., after autoclaving and shredding are put into the compost pits specially constructed for this purpose.
The compost is utilized for the plantation at the site and for the afforestation work inside the facility.
ETP at the site
The liquid effluent from the condensation of quenching water in the incinerator, autoclaves, washing of sterilized waste in the shredders, room washings, washing of the transport vehicles is treated in the liquid Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) using the principle of oxidation ponds. The settled sludge from these tanks is periodically removed, composted and used for plantation in the facility.
the treated water is also used for plantation at the facility.
Education & Training on Biomedical Waste Management
and Training is an integral component of HEWMEP and hence appropriate
educational material in English-Hindi and English-Kannada have been developed
and distributed to all HCEs and training done accordingly. Training of
HCE personnel is being done at different levels. This includes doctors,
nurses, administrators, paramedical personnel, housekeeping, engineering,
kitchen and laundry staff; ayahs, ward boys, security staff, gardeners,
rag pickers, sorters, reprocessors and staff in different departments
and areas in the hospitals which are involved in BMWM.
|It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself. --Charles Dudley Warner|